Pope Francis urges dialogue to defuse Brazil protests

Pilgrim poses in front of riot police in Rio de Janeiro Riot police are on the streets to prevent violence during the Pope's visit

Pope Francis has told authorities and civil society leaders in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro to use dialogue as an alternative to "selfish indifference and violent protest".

The country has seen several violent demonstrations in the past month.

Earlier, the Pope challenged clergy to leave the comfort of their churches and reach out to the marginalised.

Hundreds of thousands of pilgrims are marching towards Rio's Copacabana beach for an overnight vigil until Sunday.

The vigil will be opened by Pope Francis and is set to culminate on Sunday with a communal Mass, which also marks the end of the World Youth Day festival in Brazil.

Up to 1.5m young pilgrims are expected at Copacabana beach this weekend, following a last-minute change of venue due to floods in the area where the vigil was supposed to take place.

'Selfish indifference'

Before opening the vigil, on the penultimate day of his first major international trip, the Pope addressed civil leaders and government officials at Rio's Municipal Theatre.

"Between selfish indifference and violent protest there is always another possible option: that of dialogue,'' he told the audience in a reference to the demonstrations that have been rocking the country since June.

"A country grows when constructive dialogue occurs between its many rich cultural components: popular culture, university culture, youth culture, artistic and technological culture, economic culture, family culture and media culture.''

On Friday, shortly after the Pope finished speaking, police held a group of activists who tried to invade the stage in a protest against the state governor of Rio, Sergio Cabral.

Around the same time, in Brazil's largest city, Sao Paulo, some 300 demonstrators attacked bank branches and at least one police post.

Several of Sao Paulo's main avenues had to be temporarily blocked. Tear gas was used to disperse the protesters.

The BBC's Julia Carneiro says huge crowds gathered to see Pope Francis

Also on Saturday, the Pope repeated his challenge to fellow Roman Catholic clerics to take to the streets.

In a speech to a thousand bishops and clerics in Rio's cathedral, he said they should go to the favelas, as Brazilian shanty towns are known.

"We cannot keep ourselves shut up in parishes, in our communities, when so many people are waiting for the Gospel," he told the audience.

On Friday, Pope Francis also spoke about the lack of faith in political institutions perceived as selfish and corrupt by young people.

"Jesus is united with so many young people who have lost faith in political institutions, because they see in them only selfishness and corruption,'' Pope Francis said.

Protests, sometimes violent, broke out in cities across Brazil last month against corruption, poor public services and the high cost of events like the 2014 World Cup.

The 76-year-old Pope also expressed understanding for Christians who had lost faith in the Church because of what he called the "incoherence of Christians and ministers of the gospel".

The Roman Catholic Church has been rocked by scandals over sexual abuse by priests.

Young people re-enact the Stations of the Cross on Copacabana Beach, Rio (26 July) Young people took part in re-enacting the 14 Stations of the Cross on Rio's Copacabana Beach
Cross carried through the crowds on Copacabana Beach, Rio (26 July) A cross was carried through the crowds on the beach as they waited for Francis, the first Latin American Pope, to arrive
Pope Francis on Copacabana Beach The Pope expressed understanding for the protests last month against corruption and poor public services across Brazil
Young woman watches the Stations of the Cross, Rio (26 July) Young Catholics have travelled from around the world to take part in the week-long World Youth Day festival
Demonstrators in Rio de Janeiro clash with police after the Pope's appearance for World Youth Day (26 July) But shortly after the Pope finished speaking, a protest against the state governor of Rio broke out on the edges of the crowd
Demonstrator attacks car dealership in Sao Paulo (26 July) There were also protests in Sao Paulo, where several bank branches were attacked, along with other businesses, including this car showroom

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