Privately-owned broadcasters operate alongside state-owned outlets and radio is a key source of information. Major business groups dominate the media landscape.
The constitution provides for a free press and media outlets operate with few official curbs. However, Reporters Without Borders said critical journalists at state-owned media were the targets of an "ideological purge" after Federico Franco assumed the presidency in 2012.
Freedom House says journalists investigating corruption and organised crime, or who are strident in their criticism of the government, have suffered threats and violent attacks.
There were 1.5 million internet users by June 2012 (Internetworldstats.com). Internet penetration is low compared with neighbouring countries. Facebook is the main social media platform.
- RED Guarani (Canal 2) - private
- Telefuturo (Canal 4) - private
- Sistema Nacional de Television (Canal 9) - private
- El Trece (Canal 13) - private
- TV Publica - state-owned