Latin America & Caribbean

Peru profile

Peru is made up of indigenous people and descendants of Spanish settlers
  • Full name: Republic of Peru
  • Population: 29.7 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Lima
  • Area: 1.28 million sq km (496,225 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 nuevo sol = 100 centimos
  • Main exports: Fish and fish products, copper, zinc, gold, crude petroleum and by-products, lead, coffee, sugar, cotton
  • GNI per capita: US $5,150 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain: .pe
  • International dialling code: +51