Brazil biofuel: Shell axes 'illegal' sugar cane plan

Brazilian indigenous Guarani, courtesy of Survival International Indigenous Guarani in western Brazil complain of persecution at the hands of sugar cane farmers

Related Stories

A biofuels company set up in Brazil by oil giant Shell has signed a landmark agreement giving up plans to buy sugar cane grown on indigenous lands.

The company, Raizen, was obtaining some of the raw material for ethanol from farmers who encroached on the lands of the Guarani people in Mato Grosso do Sul state.

The deal comes after months of pressure by the Brazilian authorities.

Indigenous leaders have welcomed the agreement.

Raizen said in a statement that the deal "shows the company's commitment to combine sustainable development with the well-being of the local communities".

Campaign group Survival International described Raizen's decision to back away from ancestral Guarani land as "historic".

But it warned that the tribe's future continued to be threatened by illegal logging and farming on their lands.

Valdelice Veron, an indigenous Guarani in Mato Grosso do Sul state, says their rivers have been polluted by pesticides.

"We will be able to drink water from our land again. We will be able to start afresh," she told Survival International.

Booming demand

Analysis

It's highly unusual for a big company in Brazil to back away from business opportunities on indigenous land.

But the decision by Raizen comes at the end of months of increasingly acrimonious argument between tribal leaders, the sugar farmers and the Brazilian authorities.

The issue became particularly sensitive since the death of tribal leader Nisio Gomes last year. His community had returned to their land after being evicted.

With growing concerns for Raizen's and therefore Shell's reputation, the decision was made to cease the acquisition of sugar-cane from areas declared indigenous or that might in the future be declared indigenous by the Ministry of Justice.

The Guarani will still have local farmers and their land claims to contend with, but this is a victory they will certainly be celebrating.

Raizen was established in 2010 as a multi-billion joint venture of Shell and Brazilian ethanol company Cosan to produce ethanol from sugar cane.

The company says it produces 2.2 billion litres of ethanol every year, for export and to supply the Brazilian market, where cars that run both on petrol and biofuel are very popular.

In the deal signed with Brazilian indigenous agency Funai, Raizen says it will not source sugar cane from any land declared by the Ministry of Justice as belonging to indigenous tribes.

The agreement comes into force in November.

The Guarani are Brazil's largest indigenous minority, with around 46,000 members living in seven states.

Many others live in neighbouring Paraguay, Bolivia and Argentina.

The group suffers from a severe shortage of land in Brazil, which has worsened as a boom in agriculture has led farmers and ranchers to extend their holdings.

Indigenous activists say farmers in Mato Grosso do Sul frequently use violence and threats to force them off their ancestral territory, and that the local authorities do little to protect them.

Guarani leader Nisio Gomes, 59, has been missing since November.

His community says he was shot dead by masked men in front of them. Brazilian police say the case is unclear and his body has not yet been found.

More on This Story

Related Stories

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites

More Latin America & Caribbean stories

RSS

Features

  • The OfficeIn pictures

    Fifty landmark shows from 50 years of BBC Two


  • French luxury Tea House, Mariage Freres display of tea pots Tea for tu

    France falls back in love with tea - but don't expect a British cuppa


  • Peter MatthiessenPeter and Paddy

    Remembering two of the greatest travel writers


  • Worcestershire flagFlying the flag

    Preserving the identities of England's counties


  • Female model's bottom in leopard skin trousers as she walks up the catwalkBum deal

    Why budget buttock ops can be bad for your health


BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.