Falkland Islands profile
Head of state: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by a governor.
Chief Executive: Keith Padgett
Mr Padgett, a former financial secretary in the Falkland Islands Government, took over from Dr Tim Thorogood in March 2012.
The islands are self-governing, although foreign affairs and defence matters are handled by the British government.
There is no party-political activity on the islands.
A new constitution to enhance the powers of the Executive Council came into force on 1 January 2009.