Mexican author Carlos Fuentes dead at 83

 
Carlos Fuentes in a file photo from 2008 Fuentes' works gave an insight into Mexican identity

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The Mexican author Carlos Fuentes has died, aged 83.

Fuentes was one of the most prolific Latin American writers known equally for his fiction and his essays on politics and culture.

His most famous works were The Death of Artemio Cruz and The Old Gringo.

He was associated with the Latin American Boom - a literary movement made up of mainly young authors whose politically critical works broke with established traditions.

He died in a hospital in Mexico City. Hospital sources did not comment on his cause of death.

Mr Fuentes wrote a wealth of novels, plays and essays and regularly commented on political events in Spanish newspaper El Pais.

Born in Panama in 1928, he did not move to Mexico until he was 16.

The son of a diplomat, Mr Fuentes spent much of his childhood moving around the Western Hemisphere.

He said it was this which allowed him to view Latin America from a distance, giving him a critical edge.

'Universal Mexican'

In many of his works he drew on historical events.

Start Quote

He was constantly, constantly championing the younger people”

End Quote Ariel Dorfman

His narrative, like that of his contemporaries of the Latin American Boom, was rarely linear, instead relying on flashbacks and changing perspectives.

Among English-language readers he is arguably best known for his novel The Old Gringo, which was made into a film starring Gregory Peck in 1989.

The novel was inspired by the real-life disappearance of American journalist Ambrose Bierce during the 1910-1920 Mexican Revolution.

He was also outspoken in his political views, and was a vocal critic of US administrations, including Washington's policies on immigration and the war on terror.

Fuentes was also highly critical of Mexican politics, and in a recent interview with the BBC World Service, he called for a different approach to the war on drugs.

He also described the three main candidates in the Mexican presidential election as "mediocre".

'Deep imprint'

Cultural and political figures around the world expressed their grief at the news of his death.

"I am profoundly sorry for the death of our loved and admired Carlos Fuentes, writer and universal Mexican. Rest in peace," Mexican President Felipe Calderon wrote on Twitter.

The front-runner in July's election, Enrique Pena Nieto, said he had not always agreed with Fuentes on political matters but that he recognised his "extraordinary work".

Nobel Prize-winning Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa told Spanish daily newspaper El Pais that "with him, we lose a writer whose work and whose presence left a deep imprint".

Mexican novelist Jose Agustin told BBC Mundo that Carlos Fuentes "became an essential protagonist in Mexican political and cultural life. He had an immense value, from his first launch in the 1950s he never once backed down for anybody".

Chilean-American writer Ariel Dorfman said Fuentes had an amazing generosity of spirit.

"He was constantly, constantly championing the younger people. I never heard him say anything nasty about anybody," Dorfman told the BBC.

Mr Fuentes had often been mentioned as a candidate for the Nobel Prize but never won.

Among the many major literary awards he did win was the Cervantes Prize in 1987.

He continued to write until the end, with an essay on the recent change of power in France published in Mexican newspaper Reforma on Tuesday, the same day the Angeles del Pedregal hospital announced his death.

 

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  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 33.

    Adios, Maestro. You transcended the world with your words and you were never afraid to attack the enemies of independence, not just political independence but independence of thought and creativity.
    I wish you an eternity well spent with the Old Gringo.
    Maria Valdemi

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 29.

    Carlos Fuentes was an internationally beloved character, his death is not only a great loss for Mexico but for every country that was touched by him. Here in the UK he served as ambassador and since then kept close ties. 10 years ago he founded the Society of Mexican Students in the UK and was an honorary figure for both nations. A great author and political critic that will be truly missed.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 22.

    One of my favourite authors. A clear thinker with independence of mind. If you are not familiar with his work may I suggest you read "The Death of Artemio Cruz". RIP.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 14.

    I saw him speak in Tijuana in 1994, offering a lucid examination of the febrile state of the US/Mexican border, right on that border. It was an object lesson in bringing together ideas of history, culture and place. One suspects that Mexico needs a Carlos Fuentes more than ever in its present condition and that this is a major loss.

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 7.

    I myself living in the UK have not heard of him but to a Mexican friend I have he was a massively important author, and as important as any English author you probably have heard of.

    We seem to be heading in the same way as the USA when it comes to ignorance about other countries and cultures in thinking ours is the only relevant, important, correct or significant one on the planet.

 
 

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