Brazil's Congress approves controversial forest law

 
A\member of Congress protests as the Chamber of Deputies holds a plenary vote on the forest code 25 April 2012 Wednesday's vote capped months of bitter political argument

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The Brazilian Chamber of Deputies has approved controversial legislation that eases rules on how much land farmers must preserve as forest.

Brazil's powerful farmers' lobby argues that the changes will promote sustainable food production.

But environmentalists say the new forest code will be a disaster and lead to further destruction of the Amazon.

The bill now goes to President Dilma Rousseff, who may use her veto to remove some clauses.

Wednesday's 247-184 vote in favour of the new forest code capped a year of political wrangling.

Brazil's farmers have long pushed for changes, arguing that uncertainty over the current legislation has undermined investment in the agriculture sector, which accounts for more than 5% of GDP.

Severe environmental restrictions have also forced many smaller farmers off their land, they argue.

Missed targets?

Rural producers would have "more stability and political support," said Deputy Paulo Piau, who drew up the Chamber's version of the bill.

"Production and the environment will only benefit from that. With a confused law there is no benefit," he said.

Aerial picture on 29 November 29, 2009 shows a sector of the Amazon forest, in the state of Para, in northern Brazil, illegally deforested Cattle farming, crop production and logging are the main drivers of illegal clearing of the rainforest

But opponents said the new law was a step back.

"Over the years, we have slowed deforestation and intensified production. Now we are going to modify all the things that resulted in the decrease of deforestation by changing the legislation," said Deputy Sarney Filho.

Greenpeace urged President Rousseff to veto the changes, saying: "It is unbelievable that the forest code is being eroded weeks before Brazil hosts the Rio summit (on sustainable development)."

Several former environment ministers had warned that Brazil would miss its emissions targets if the code were weakened, Greenpeace noted.

Deforestation of the Amazon has slowed in recent years, as a result of better law enforcement, with authorities using satellite images to track clearance.

Under the Forest Code, which dates back to 1965, landowners must conserve a percentage of their terrain forested, ranging from 20% in some regions to 80% in the Amazon.

This provision remains, but environmentalists say other changes to the code will erode key protections.

Under the new bill, farmers will be able to cultivate land closer to hilltops and riverbanks, which are especially vulnerable to erosion if trees are chopped down.

The bill also provides an amnesty from fines for illegally clearing trees before July 2008, although larger landholders would have to replant most of the cleared area or preserve the same amount of land elsewhere.

President Rousseff faces a political dilemma, correspondents say, as she seeks to combine support for economic development, but also uphold environmental pledges made during her election campaign in 2010.

Graphic showing Amazon deforestation
 

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  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 24.

    It's far too easy to criticise other countries for "not doing their bit" to save or maintain the environment when really we should look in the mirror. Being truly green and saving the planet means consuming less in every aspect of our own lives and adopting a make do and mend approach to life rather than criticising countries who simply want to earn the money to have the same standard of living.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 23.

    A very large part of Brazil's economic growth comes from agri-business and it suffers from the same burgeoning population growth as other developing countries, so some easing of a forest code that was made in the 1950's was inevitable.

  • rate this
    +20

    Comment number 1.

    I'm no eco-warrior but I do understand that the "lungs of the world" are essential to all our long term wellbeing

    Sadly, with corporations and governments, if it has a dollar value it will be plundered for their own short term gain

 
 

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