Pope Benedict calls for open society during Cuba visit


Pope Benedict XVI addressed crowds in the city of Santiago

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Pope Benedict XVI has urged Cubans to build an "open and renewed society", at the start of the first papal visit to the communist-run country in 14 years.

At a Mass in front of some 200,000 people in the eastern city of Santiago, he called for a "renewed society".

The Pontiff was welcomed by President Raul Castro who said the country enjoyed good relations with the Church.

His visit marks the 400th anniversary of Cuba's patron saint, the Virgin of Charity of El Cobre.

The icon - also known as the Mambisa Virgin - was found floating in a bay in 1612 by fishermen and was revered by Cuba's independence heroes.


"Devotion to the Virgin Mambisa has sustained the faith and inspired the defence and promotion of all that gives dignity to the human condition and fundamental rights," the Pope said on his arrival in the country, where Roman Catholics now account for 10% of the population.


At most 10% of Cubans are practising Catholics, but in a politically isolated country like Cuba, this visit is a big event.

Before he arrived the Pope criticised Marxism, talking of the need for new models.

But greeted here by Cuba's communist president, Pope Benedict referred instead to the island broadening its horizons.

Some hope this visit can help accelerate reforms in Cuba.

The Church is looking to boost its standing and influence in a country where so much is controlled by the state.

It is also a chance to revitalise the faith, after four decades of state atheism.

"I carry in my heart the just aspirations and legitimate desires of all Cubans, wherever they may be, their sufferings and their joys, their concerns and their noblest desires," he said.

He added that he was convinced that the country "at this moment of particular importance in its history" was "looking to the future" and "striving to renew and broaden its horizons".

President Castro was seated in the front row of the Mass in Cuba's second largest city as believers sang hymns and prayed in Santiago's Revolution Square.

The Pope appealed to the audience to reinvigorate their faith "that you may strive to build a renewed and open society, a better society, one more worthy of humanity".

Before the Mass, one man was arrested after shouting: "Down with communism". Others in the audience booed him for spoiling the atmosphere and shouted: "Cuba, Cuba, Cuba".

'Renew horizons'

Ahead of his visit, Pope Benedict had suggested Cuba's Marxist structure "no longer corresponds to reality" and called for the adoption of a "new model".

Pope Benedict XVI arrives at the Antonio Maceo Revolution Square to celebrate a mass in Santiago de Cuba (26 March) Thousands of Cubans attended the ceremony

But on his arrival, he recognised Cuba's efforts to "renew and broaden its horizons".

In his speech at the airport, President Castro said socialist Cuba allowed full freedom of religion and enjoyed good relations with the Catholic Church.

He said Cuba shared the Pope's concerns over global poverty, inequality and environmental destruction.

And he stressed that Cuba was determined to defend its independence in the face of the US embargo.

Both leaders looked back to the visit by the late Pope John Paul II 14 years ago, which Pope Benedict said "was like a gentle breeze that gave new strength to the Church in Cuba".

Observers say relations between Church and state have warmed in Cuba in recent years.

Raul Castro has accepted the Church's mediation on issues such as political prisoners, recognising its position as the most influential organisation outside the communist government.

The Pope's visit is seen as an effort to further improve relations and increase the role of the church in Cuban society at a time of rapid change.

Pope Benedict XVI and Cuba's President Raul Castro walk together after the Pope's arrival in Santiago de Cuba President Raul Castro met Pope Benedict at Santiago airport

The Pope is expected to travel to Havana later for private talks with President Castro and will celebrate Mass in the capital's Revolution Square on Wednesday.

Church officials have said there is no time in his schedule to meet dissidents.

Opposition groups say dozens of dissidents were detained ahead of the visit, and others were prevented from attending the service in Santiago.

Pope Benedict's trip to Cuba follows a visit to Mexico, where he celebrated a huge open-air Mass at the Christ the King monument in the central city of Silao.

He urged the 500,000 Catholics gathered for the sermon to look to their faith in response to poverty and crime and to reject violence and revenge.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 31.

    It is more than a little ironic that Pope Benedict should be urging Cuba to adopt a more open society, given the closed and secretive history of the Vatican. However, having said that, I commend his sensitive and subtle urgings to free up Cuban society to allow it to blossom. Clearly he must be delicate to maintain some kind of relationship with Cuban leaders.

  • rate this

    Comment number 30.

    When you think about it, Marxism and Catholicism are simultaniously both religions and ideologies. They both have their own vision of an ideal society. Antithapy between the two is nothing to do with democracy or dignity. They're just rivals, pure and simple.

  • rate this

    Comment number 28.

    Pope is out of touch with reality of life. Freedom destroys what is common to all., Cuba is not the cause of world's evil, rather a reaction to protect people from self destruction. Interests of many must take precedence over few, else there will never be peace!

  • rate this

    Comment number 27.

    The notion that the Cuban government allows for complete freedom of religious expression is nonsense. The State only allows for religious institutions that align themselves completely with the regime, or offer a potential source of touristic revenue (e.g. Santeria). Christian leaders from evangelical churches are regularly persecuted, imprisoned and their churches are shut down.


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