28 September 2010
Last updated at 10:36
The queue of vessels waiting off the Santos coast for a berth in Brazil's biggest port are a visible sign of the country's booming economy.
The port has made some improvements in recent years - a number of terminals have been privatised and more streamlined operations have been put into place.
Heavy lorries roll into the terminals carrying huge loads of commodities like sugar but access to many of the port's warehouses are down cobbled, congested roads.
At the Cosan sugar terminal, covered conveyer belts carry the sugar loads from the warehouses to the ships.
It takes 23 hours to load one container ship with sugar - an operation that can only be done in dry weather.
Some companies have invested in railways to bring goods to port. New bespoke train carriages make delivery easier although some manual intervention is still needed. Workers have to hit the the bottom of the carriages in order to dislodge any stuck sugar.
Sugar coats many of the terminal buildings, settling on walls and doors like week-old snow, while the ground is covered in a darky sticky syrup.
Wasps buzz around, attracted by the abundance of sugar and making sure not all of the spilled deposits go to waste.
Bringing goods to the port can mean a journey of several days across Brazil. Clogged access roads mean getting to and from the warehouses can also take hours.
Frequent accidents on the roads leading to and from the port can lead to long traffic jams. Photographs: Emma Lynch/BBC
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