Edward Snowden applies to extend his stay in Russia

Edward Snowden in Hong Kong (June 2013)

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US whistleblower Edward Snowden has officially asked to extend his stay in Russia after his visa expires, his lawyer has told the BBC.

Anatoly Kucherena confirmed that paperwork had been submitted to Russia's Federal Migration Service.

The current document granting him temporary asylum expires on 31 July.

Mr Snowden fled the US in May 2013 and has been living under temporary asylum in Russia. Last year, he fed a trove of secret intelligence to news outlets.

"We have gone through the procedure of getting temporary asylum... We have submitted documents for extending his stay in Russia," Mr Kucherena told reporters on Wednesday.

Russian lawyer Anatoly Kucherena shows a temporary document that allowed Edward Snowden the right to cross the border into Russia (1 August 2013) Mr Snowden's lawyer, Anatoly Kucherena, won permission for him to stay in Russia for 12 months at the end of July 2013
Radomes at a facility called the Bad Aibling Station once used by the NSA stand at dusk on 23 June 2014 near Bad Aibling, Germany Russian President Vladimir Putin has insisted that his country does not not - unlike the West - have a large-scale communications interception operation

The lawyer did not say for how long Mr Snowden wanted to stay in Russia, or whether he wanted to become a Russian citizen.

Mr Snowden became stranded in the international airport at Moscow last year while travelling from Hong Kong to Cuba. He was in effect trapped in the airport's transit zone for several weeks before the Russian government allowed him refugee status for a year.

He went to Russia shortly after leaking details of the National Security Agency's (NSA) international surveillance and telephone-tapping operation.

Russia's decision to give asylum to Mr Snowden - a former NSA contractor - was strongly criticised by the United States.

'Strictly controlled'

Correspondents say that while Mr Snowden has in recent weeks increased his media visibility in Russia by giving several closely monitored interviews, he has conceded that he would like to go home, where he faces spying charges that could result in a substantial jail sentence.

Edward Snowden speaks to European officials via videoconference during a parliamentary hearing on improving the protection of whistleblowers at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, eastern France (June 2014) Correspondents say that Mr Snowden's conference calls with organisations in the West are closely watched by Russian officials

News of his moves to extend his visa came as prosecutors in Germany searched the home of a defence ministry employee suspected of spying - the second such case in a week.

The US has not denied allegations that the intelligence agency employee arrested earlier this month was passing secret documents to the NSA.

The two countries, the biggest members of the Nato alliance, have been close allies for decades but relations were strained last year when it was revealed - from paperwork leaked by Mr Snowden - that the NSA had been monitoring German Chancellor Angela Merkel's mobile phone calls.

In April the whistleblower appeared on Russian TV to ask President Vladimir Putin whether Russia "ever intercepted, stored or analysed the communications of millions of individuals".

In a reply widely condemned by analysts in the West as untrue, Mr Putin, an ex-KGB officer, said that "unlike the US, we don't have a mass system of such interception, and according to our law it cannot exist".

He added: "Our special services, thank God, are strictly controlled by society and by the law and are regulated by the law."

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