Pope Francis attacks 'evil' mafia in 'Ndrangheta base
21 June 2014 Last updated at 22:58 BST
Pope Francis has condemned the mafia's "adoration of evil" at a mass in Calabria, the southern Italian base of the 'Ndrangheta crime syndicate.
The Pope said the gangsters should consider themselves "excommunicated" from the Roman Catholic Church.
Alan Johnston reports from Rome.