Ukraine crisis: Crimea leader appeals to Putin for help

The BBC's Daniel Sandford says "what appear to be Russian troops" are standing guard at local government offices in Simferopol

The unofficial pro-Moscow leader of Ukraine's autonomous Crimea region has asked Russian President Vladimir Putin for help to ensure peace.

A Kremlin source said it would "not leave unnoticed" the request from Sergiy Aksyonov.

Reports speak of a clash overnight in Crimea's capital and an attempt to seize a Ukrainian missile base.

Ukraine's interim Prime Minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk, accused Russia of seeking to provoke an escalation.


There is still no official confirmation of who the armed men surrounding key areas in Crimea really are. They wear uniforms without insignia and drive unidentified vehicles.

Some say they are locals organising themselves into a self-defence unit against the Ukrainian uprising. But many carry heavy weapons and appear in control of armoured personnel carriers. They seem more organised than an impromptu militia.

And yet while Ukraine's government warns that Russia has carried out a "military occupation and invasion" of Crimea, it does not feel as though it has gone that far - yet. The cities are relatively calm and there is no sign of a mass armed uprising; just the ongoing control of key sites like airports and communications buildings.

But this peninsula appears to be sliding steadily out of Kiev's control: the newly-elected Crimean prime minister now says all security and military forces here are under his command and his call to President Putin for direct help will not, says the Kremlin, be ignored. As the new Ukrainian cabinet meets, how to extend its writ here will be the urgent priority.

He was speaking at the first meeting of his cabinet, installed after the overthrow of President Viktor Yanukovych. New Defence Minister Ihor Tenyukh accused Russia of "recently" deploying 6,000 extra soldiers to Ukraine.

US President Barack Obama warned Moscow against any military intervention as unidentified soldiers, thought to be Russian, fanned out in the south of the peninsula, surrounding airports and communications centres.

According to Mr Aksyonov, soldiers from Russia's Black Sea Fleet based in Crimea are helping to guard strategic buildings. But the fleet's press service only told a Russian news agency Ria-Novosti it would help guard fleet installations.

Under the agreement governing the presence of the fleet in Crimea, the Russians must co-ordinate all troop movements outside the fleet's base areas with the Ukrainian authorities beforehand.

The head of Russia's upper house of parliament, Valentina Matviyenko, said she could not rule out the dispatch of a "limited contingent" of troops to Crimea to "guarantee the security of the Black Sea Fleet and Russian citizens living on the territory of Crimea".

European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso has said he is shocked by reports of the "violation of Ukraine's sovereignty".

Reports are coming in of big pro-Russian rallies in several Ukrainian cities outside Crimea

  • In Donetsk, Mr Yanukovych's traditional stronghold, demonstrators from a crowd of some 7,000 tried unsuccessfully to occupy the regional administration building, raising a Russian tricolour on a nearby flag-post
  • In Kharkiv, Ukraine's second-biggest city, scuffles broke out when protesters with Russian flags tried to occupy the regional administration building
  • In Mariupol, in the south-east, hundreds of protesters carrying Russian flags gathered outside the city council

Sergiy Aksyonov: "I call on the president of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, to provide assistance in securing peace"

'Attack rebuffed'

Russia's foreign ministry said several people had been hurt when "unidentified armed people sent from Kiev" tried to seize control of Crimea's interior ministry overnight.

The attempt was rebuffed by "self-defence units", the ministry said in a report which could not be independently confirmed.

According to the Ukrainian news agency Unian, Russian soldiers have been trying to take control of a Ukrainian anti-aircraft missile unit near Yevpatoria, in Crimea.

Ukraine's acting President, Olexander Turchynov, signed a decree on Saturday declaring that the election of Mr Aksyonov as prime minister of Crimea this week was illegal.

Heavily armed unidentified soldiers outside the parliament building in Simferopol, Crimea, 1 March Unidentified soldiers are guarding key installations in Crimea
Heavily armed unidentified soldiers outside the parliament building in Simferopol, Crimea, 1 March Machine-gunners took up position outside the Crimean parliament
Protesters in Donetsk raise a Russian flag, 1 March In Donetsk, thousands of pro-Russian demonstrators rallied outside regional government offices
A protester on Kiev's Independence Square, 1 March In Kiev, demonstrators remain on Independence Square, where the uprising began
Protesters on Kiev's Independence Square, 1 March Some turned out in Kiev to sing the national anthem on Saturday

In the same vote which elected him, the Crimean parliament called a referendum on the status of the territory, which is dominated by ethnic Russians.


  • Autonomous republic within Ukraine
  • Transferred from Russia in 1954
  • Ethnic Russians - 58.5%*
  • Ethnic Ukrainians - 24.4%*
  • Crimean Tatars - 12.1%*
  • Source: Ukraine census 2001

Mr Aksyonov, who leads the main pro-Russian party in Crimea, brought forward the vote to 30 March, from 25 May - the date of Ukraine's early presidential election.

He also announced he was taking control of security in Crimea "on a temporary basis".


The new government in Kiev was formed this week by opposition parties and street activists.

Mr Yatsenyuk said: "The presence of Russian soldiers is a provocation and we demand that Russian soldiers return to their permanent bases."

Map of the Crimea peninsula

"We are taking no steps that could provoke a violent confrontation," he said. "All responsibility for the escalation of the conflict lies personally at the leadership of the Russian Federation."

Reporting the deployment of Russian soldiers, Defence Minister Tenyukh said that around 30 armoured vehicles had also been deployed in Crimea.

President Obama: "Any violation of Ukraine sovereignty would be deeply destabilising"

Viktor Yanukovych, who was deposed after months of unrest degenerated into bloodshed this month, made his first appearance in Russia on Friday, insisting he was still the legitimate president of Ukraine.

In his address late on Friday, Mr Obama warned Russia there would be "costs" for any military intervention and commended Ukraine's interim government for its "restraint".

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