Silvio Berlusconi defiant in face of Senate expulsion vote
27 November 2013 Last updated at 19:22 GMT
Italy's former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi has vowed to "continue to fight for [his country's] freedom", despite the Senate voting to expel him.
The decision was taken with immediate effect, over Mr Berlusconi's conviction for tax fraud.
Mr Berlusconi, who has dominated politics for 20 years, could now face arrest over other criminal cases as he has lost his immunity from prosecution.