German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits Dachau camp
Angela Merkel has laid a wreath at the former Nazi concentration camp of Dachau, in the first such visit to the site by a German chancellor.
She made a short, emotional speech saying the camp "fills me with deep sadness and shame" and said it was a warning of the dangers of indifference.
The visit took place during Mrs Merkel's election campaign and was followed by a rally in a beer tent.
Political opponents called the combination "tasteless".
Some 30,000 people died in Dachau before it was liberated by US soldiers on 29 April 1945.
It was the first camp to be built by the Nazis in March 1933.
Mrs Merkel, who toured the remnants of the camp, said it stood for "a horrible and unprecedented chapter of our history".
"At the same time, this place is a constant warning: how did Germany reach the point of taking away the right of people to live because of their origin, their religion... or their sexual orientation?"
She said the "vast majority of Germans" had closed their eyes to what was going on, and said her visit was intended "to be a bridge from history to the present and into the future that we want to continue to build".
Max Mannheimer, the 93-year-old president of the Dachau camp committee, had long lobbied for Mrs Merkel to go to the camp, near Munich in southern Germany.
He hailed her decision as "historic" and a "signal of respect for the former detainees".
But a leader of the opposition Green party, Renate Kuenast, described Mrs Merkel's programme of the camp visit followed by an election rally as a "tasteless and outrageous combination".
"If you're serious about commemoration at such a place of horrors, then you don't pay such a visit during an election campaign," she told the daily Leipziger Volkszeitung.