Rome conclave: Cardinals resume papal deliberations

Crowds with umbrellas in St Peter's Square Rain has not deterred the faithful from their vigil in St Peter's Square

Cardinals are holding their second day of deliberations in the Vatican conclave to elect a new pope, after reaching no decision on Tuesday.

The 115 cardinal-electors are shut off in the Sistine Chapel and a nearby residence until two-thirds agree on a leader for the world's 1.2bn Catholics.

Black smoke signalling an inconclusive first vote drew cheers from crowds in St Peter's Square on Tuesday evening.

There is no clear frontrunner to replace Pope Benedict XVI.

At the scene

A panorama of multi-coloured umbrellas massed on St Peter's Square on Wednesday morning as hardy pilgrims braved tempestuous conditions to take up their chimney-watch vigil.

The good news: The cardinals' second vote was expected to conclude around 09:30 GMT. The bad news: It took firm favourite Joseph Ratzinger four votes to get elected in 2005.

So smoke is expected, but not until around midday. And it is likely to be black. And Wednesday's weather forecast is terrible.

Still, the faithful huddled in their plastic ponchos - it's been a bumper time for street-hawkers selling plastic sheets and cheap brollies for five euros.

Eyes darted between the rust-coloured chimney stack on the Sistine Chapel and the big screens dotted around the square.

Some people carrying bedraggled national flags were backing their country's favourites. Some were praying for peace and unity in the Church.

Others were just hoping for white smoke so the cardinals would clear out of the Sistine Chapel so they could get a glimpse of Michelangelo's Last Judgement.

And so the vigil goes on.

The 85-year-old stepped down last month, saying he was no longer strong enough to lead the Church, which is beset by problems ranging from a worldwide scandal over child sex abuse to allegations of corruption at the Vatican Bank.

The cardinals will vote four times daily until a single candidate garners enough support - at which point the smoke coming from the Sistine Chapel chimney will be white.

After celebrating Mass this morning, they returned to the Sistine Chapel to resume voting.

They can vote twice in the morning. If those ballots are inconclusive, black smoke will once again rise from the chimney and the election will resume after lunch.

Voting takes place in silence, with no formal debate, until a decision is reached. If that does not happen after three days, there may be a pause for prayer and informal discussion for a maximum of one day.

'Bereft'

Crowds who had braved rain and storms to watch the cardinals go into the conclave on big screens in St Peter's Square cheered as the black smoke appeared at 19:41 (18:41 GMT) on Tuesday.

Conclave interactive video

Philippa Thomas presenting conclave interactive video

Step inside our virtual Sistine Chapel as Philippa Thomas explains the process to elect a new Pope

"I thought it was going to be white, because they were late. I thought it was going to be white, but I was wrong," said Paolo Paparini, a 76-year-old man waiting faithfully among the crowd told the Associated Press news agency.

"Without a pope I feel bereft, like an orphan. I pray to give the cardinals the strength to choose the right man to lead the Church," French priest Guillaume Le Floch told the Agence France-Presse news agency.

"It cannot be an easy decision, but the Church needs a great leader now more than ever. The cardinals have a chance to astonish us," he said.

At one point feminist activists from the Ukrainian Femen group set off flares of pink smoke in the square to highlight what their website calls "the bloody violent history of Christianity" and the group's "determination to combat sexism of religion".

The topless protesters were dragged away by police.

Conclave timetable - all times GMT

  • 08:30 - Prayer followed by voting in the Sistine Chapel. Black smoke will emerge if two morning ballots are inconclusive. White smoke will appear as soon as there is a positive outcome
  • Smoke could come any time between about 09:30 and 11:30
  • 1130 - If no pope is elected, cardinals go back to their residence for lunch
  • 15:00 - Cardinals return to the Sistine Chapel for another two rounds of voting - smoke expected between 16:30 and 18:30
  • If there is no result by Friday, they will hold a day of prayer and reflection on Saturday before resuming the election

The buzz in Rome is that a new pope may be elected by Friday night, perhaps even earlier, says the BBC's David Willey who is there.

There is no desire among the cardinals for a prolonged conclave, he says.

From now on the cardinals - all under 80, as those over 80 are excluded - will eat, vote and sleep in closed-off areas until a new pope is chosen.

Jamming devices in the Sistine Chapel should block all electronic communication and anyone tweeting would in any case risk being excommunicated.

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