Italy's violent mash-up of football, rugby and wrestling
9 July 2012 Last updated at 17:32 BST
Every summer the ancient, ultra-violent sport of Calcio Storico Fiorentino - which some Italians claim is the father of modern football - is revived in Florence.
A mixture of football, rugby and wrestling; some games can get nasty.
In 2006 new regulations were introduced ensuring all players have to be under 40-years-old, do not have serious criminal records, and once two players have started fighting, team mates cannot lend a hand - or boot.
Nicholas Niksadat reports.