Herding land under threat from Russian energy expansion
5 June 2012 Last updated at 08:59 BST
The Arctic's vast wealth has turned it into a crucial economic zone for the Kremlin determined to preserve Russia's status as an energy superpower.
President Vladimir Putin has announced plans to increase the country's military presence in the region to protect its growing economic interests.
But Russia's expansion is not welcome news for the world's biggest reindeer herding community, who have lived here for centuries.
Lucy Ash visited this new energy frontier 2,400 km from Moscow.