Rival media and their political backers compete for the attention of the peninsula's ethnic groups.
Almost 100 broadcasters and around 1,200 publications are registered in Crimea, although no more than a few dozen operate or publish regularly.
Outlets catering for the ethnic Russian majority dominate, supported by a mix of state and private funding. Crimea's ethnic Russians are also served by the main Moscow-based TV networks. Other broadcasters and publishers cater for the Ukrainian and Tatar minorities.
There are no Ukrainian-only broadcasters operating from Crimean soil, but Ukrainian-language papers published elsewhere in Ukraine are available on the peninsula.
Crimea's first Tatar-owned, Tatar-language TV launched in 2006.
- Krymskaya Pravda - pro-Russian daily
- Krymskoye Vremya - Crimean government daily
- Pervaya Krymskaya - privately-owned pro-Russian daily
- Pervaya Krymskaya - weekly
- Sobytiya - weekly
- Golos Kryma - Russian-language Tatar weekly
- Qirim - Tatar-language daily
- Lider - privately-owned
- Trans-M - privately-owned
- Radio Meydan - Tatar