President: Alexander Ankvab
Mr Ankvab is a businessman and close ally of his predecessor, Sergey Bagapsh, under whom he served as prime minister and, from 2010, vice-president.
He took over as acting president on the death of President Bagapsh in May 2011 and won the August presidential election against his outgoing prime minister, Sergei Shamba, and opposition leader Raul Khajimba.
Mr Ankvab, born in 1952, was a leading official in Soviet Georgia who went on to support Abkhazia's campaign for independence. After a business career in Moscow, he returned to Abkhazia in 2000 and joined the opposition to then President Vladislav Ardzinba.
He is said to have survived at least six attempts on his life, including a deadly ambush on his convoy in February 2012 that was described by Russia as an attempt to destabilise the situation before Abkhazia's March 2012 parliamentary elections.