Greece bailout crisis: President seeks unity government

Greek President Karolos Papoulias, right, with Antonis Samaras Greek President Karolos Papoulias, right, faces a difficult challenge to unite deeply divided parties

Greek President Karolos Papoulias has called the country's leaders to a meeting on Sunday in a last-ditch attempt to forge a unity government.

If the president's bid fails, another election will have to be held.

Earlier, Pasok became the third party to fail in coalition talks when leader Evangelos Venizelos formally returned the mandate to the president.

Last Sunday, voters backed parties opposed to Greece's bailout deal, which requires deep budget cuts.

Greece's political turmoil has raised the possibility that it could default on its debts and be forced out of the eurozone.

Mr Papoulias said in a statement he would hold a meeting at 09:00 GMT on Sunday with the leaders of the three largest parties - the socialist Pasok, the centre-right New Democracy, and far-left bloc Syriza.

He will then hold talks with fringe parties including Golden Dawn, an extreme right-wing anti-immigration group.

Analysts say the president's bid is unlikely to succeed because the parties are so divided over the bailout.

Austerity 'denounced'

Mr Venizelos abandoned efforts to form a new government on Friday, and met the president on Saturday morning to confirm his decision.

He had held talks with New Democracy leader Antonis Samaras, whose party came first in the election, but could not find a third partner to give them a majority in parliament.

"I hope that during the negotiations chaired by Mr Papoulias everyone will be more mature and responsible in their thinking," Mr Venizelos said.

New Democracy also failed to form a coalition earlier in the week, as did Syriza, which came second in the election.

May Day protest in Athens Last Sunday's election revealed the depth of anger against the austerity measures by Greek voters

Syriza firmly rejects the terms of the most recent EU-IMF bailout, which requires tough austerity measures in return for loans worth 130bn euros ($170bn; £105bn).

Its leader, Alexis Tsipras, said on Friday he could not join any coalition that intended to implement the bailout deal.

"The bailout austerity has already been denounced by the Greek people with its vote, and no government has the right to enforce it," he said.

Analysts say Syriza could be hoping for another election after one opinion poll put them in first position in any new ballot, albeit without an overall majority.

Meanwhile, Germany has reiterated that Greece's exit from the eurozone would have dire consequences, and urged Athens to continue its deep budget cuts.

"For Greece the consequences would be much more grave than for the rest of the eurozone," said Jens Weidmann, head of Germany's central bank.

The Bundesbank chief told the Sueddeutsche Zeitung newspaper that Greece must continue its austerity reforms to justify further loans from the international community.

"If Athens does not stand by its word, then that's a democratic decision. The result is that there is no more basis for further financial aid," he said.

Sunday's election saw a backlash against Pasok and New Democracy, the two parties that agreed the terms of the latest bailout.

The once-dominant Pasok, which was seen as the architect of austerity, came third with just 41 seats in the 300-seat parliament.

The Greek crisis is continuing to create unease is global financial circles.

The Fitch ratings agency warned that if Greece did leave the euro, it would probably place all 16 remaining euro nations' sovereign ratings on "rating watch negative" - meaning they would be in danger of being downgraded.

"A Greek exit would break a fundamental tenet underpinning the euro - that membership of EMU [Economic and Monetary Union] is irrevocable," Fitch said.

Greek election results graphic

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  • rate this

    Comment number 394.

    The important thing is that Greek politicians put their country before party interest and work together to keep Greece in the Eurozone.

    But unfortunately there are so many varying viewpoints, it looks unlikely that a stable government will be able to be formed.

    Surly this election shows is what a disastrous system PR is. If Greece used FPTP elections, non of this would have happened.

  • rate this

    Comment number 217.

    There is no coalition because the leaders see the route ahead as a classic poison challice? Carry on with austerity and risk social meltdown, choose another route and risk financial meltdown and bankruptcy. Get control of your currency to make progress. It's about accountability and responsibility within the Greek political system without having Eurozone fall-guys. It's going to be painful.

  • rate this

    Comment number 192.

    Its disturbing how many people think it is a good idea for greece to renege on their responsibilities, other than the fact that it is setting a dangerous precedent, such a move would destroy the greek economy. Who is going to invest in a country who doesn't pay their debts because its too hard?

  • rate this

    Comment number 89.

    In Greece, no one can deny the fact that we have made terrible mistakes. The ones who are going to pay for those mistakes are people who didn't even get to vote, because they were to young to do so. What I 'm saying is that we're only asking for hope. We want to pay our debts and we have done for a very long time now. Just give us a chance to get rid of those useless politicians, now!

  • rate this

    Comment number 62.

    I have mixed feelings about this. On the one hand, the reality is that Greece lived far beyond its means for years, enjoying the benefits of the euro and not living up to its obligations. And this is the result

    On the other hand though, the ordinary Greek people knew nothing about the mess their elected politcians were getting them in, and they are the ones who are now suffering horrendously.


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