Television is the most popular medium. Public Moldova One broadcasts nationally. Russia's Channel One and Romania's Antena 1 are widely available.
The constitution guarantees press freedom, although laws prohibit defamation of the state. In 2012, US-based Freedom House said the public broadcaster had become more impartial under new management, while new satellite TV stations had enhanced the diversity of news coverage.
The press divides along pro-government or opposition-leaning lines. Political parties publish their own titles. Moldovan editions of Russian papers are popular, but overall the reach and impact of the print media are low.
More than 1.4 million Moldovans were online by December 2011 (Internetworldstats). Anti-communist youth protests in 2009 were organised via social media and text messaging.
The authorities in the breakaway Trans-Dniester region operate their own TV and radio outlets.
- Timpul - Moldovan
- Flux - Moldovan
- Moldova Suverana - Moldovan
- Jurnal de Chisinau - Moldovan
- Kommersant Moldoviy - Russian-language
- Komsomolskaya Pravda - Russian-language
- Nezavisimaya Moldova - Russian-language
- Moldova One - public, operated by Teleradio-Moldova. A variant, TV Moldova International, is available via satellite
- Pro TV Chisinau - private; Moldovan outlet of Romania's Pro TV; Moldovan-language
- Radio Moldova - public, operated by Teleradio-Moldova
- Hit FM - private
- Vocea Basarabiei - private
- Prime FM - private