Malta country profile

Map of Malta

The Maltese archipelago includes the islands of Malta, Gozo, Comino, Comminotto and Filfla.

It has a history of colonial control spanning centuries.

Located south of the Italian island of Sicily between Europe and North Africa, it has been occupied by Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs and latterly France and Britain.

Independence from Britain was achieved in 1964, after the Maltese people were awarded the George Cross for defending the island during the Second World War.

Over the centuries, Malta's strategic position fostered its development as an important trading post and it remains a leading centre for container and freight transhipment.

Malta is a popular holiday destination and tourism is the nation's main source of income.


Republic of Malta

Capital: Valletta

  • Population 419,000

  • Area 316 sq km (122 sq miles)

  • Major languages Maltese, English

  • Major religion Christianity

  • Life expectancy 78 years (men), 82 years (women)

  • Currency euro

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President: Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca

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Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca was elected Malta's ninth president in April 2014 with the unanimous approval of parliament.

She is the country's youngest serving president and the second woman to hold the post.

Before becoming head of state she was minister of the family and social solidarity. She has been active in national politics for the past forty years and was general secretary of the Malta Labour Party from 1982 until 1991.

Prime Minister: Joseph Muscat

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Joseph Muscat became premier in March 2013 after his Labour Party won a national election, returning to power after 15 years in opposition.

Labour was previously in government between 1996 and 1998.

He won a second term in office in June 2017 after calling a snap parliamentary election to counter allegations of corruption against his wife and some of his political allies.

Mr Muscat was aged 39 when he first took office. At the age of 21 he was appointed to the national executive of the Labour Party. He has worked on the party's radio and TV stations and on the party's online newspaper "Malta Star".


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Image caption Malta has a colonial history spanning centuries

Many of Malta's newspapers and broadcasters have strong political affiliations. Dailies and weeklies appear in Maltese and English.

Maltese radio began in the mid-1930s, partly to counter Fascist propaganda broadcasts from Italy.


Some key dates in Malta's history:

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Image caption Malta hosted Allied bases during the Second World War and therefore became a target for German and Italian bombing

1814 - Malta becomes a crown colony of the British Empire.

1939-1945 - Malta suffers heavy bombing by German and Italian air forces targeting Allied bases.

1964 - Full independence.

1974 - Malta becomes republic.

2004 - Joins the European Union.

2008 - Malta adopts the euro.

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Image caption Malta has become a major destination for Europe-bound migrants

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