Television is Macedonia's most popular news medium. Public networks face stiff competition from commercial stations, which dominate the ratings.
An EU-sponsored report says the broadcasting market is overcrowded. There are scores of TV and radio networks. Many local broadcasters are struggling to survive financially, says the report.
The newspaper market is small. A regional media watchdog says many titles get by with financial help from the government or business groups.
Most private media are tied to political or business interests and state media tend to support the government, says US-based Freedom House.
The 2011 closure of four opposition-leaning outlets gave pro-government media a dominant position in the market. The outlets' assets had been frozen in connection with a criminal case against their owner.
There were 1.2 million internet users by mid-2012 (Internetworldstats.com). Facebook is the leading social media platform.
- Nova Makedonija - state-subsidised daily
- Utrinski Vesnik - private, daily
- Dnevnik - private, daily
- Vecer - state-subsidised daily
- Vest - private, daily
- Lajm - private, daily, in Albanian
- Forum - weekly
- MTV - state-owned, operates three national networks and satellite network
- Sitel TV - private, national
- Kanal 5 - private, national
- Telma - private, national
- Alsat-M - private, national, in Albanian
- Macedonian Radio - state-owned
- Kanal 77 - private, national
- Antenna 5 - private, national
- Metropolis Radio - private, national