Hungary's private broadcasters compete with public radio and TV. The public broadcaster has faced financial struggles, dwindling audiences and allegations of political influence.
Some European governments and institutions have criticised a controversial media law, introduced in 2011. The legislation created a Media Council, with a chairperson appointed by the prime minister.
Reporters Without Borders says the regulatory body has the power to "interfere in the news media's editorial decision-making".
While foreign ownership of media outlets is extensive, domestic ownership is concentrated in the hands of supporters of the governing Fidesz party, US-based Freedom House reports.
There were 6.5 million internet users by June 2012 (Internetworldstats.com).
- Nepszabadsag - daily
- Magyar Hirlap - daily
- Magyar Nemzet - daily
- Nepszava - daily
- Heti Vilaggazdasag - political and business weekly
- The Budapest Sun - English-language
- The Budapest Times - English-language
- Magyar Televizio (MTV) - public, operates two channels
- Duna TV - public, satellite channel geared to Hungarian minorities in neighbouring states
- TV2 - private, terrestrial
- RTL Klub - private, terrestrial
- Hir TV (News TV) - private, news
- Hungarian Radio - public, operates Kossuth, Petofi and Bartok networks
- InfoRadio - private, news
- Class FM - private
- Neo FM - private
- Juventus Radio - private