Profile: Capt Francesco Schettino
Francesco Schettino, the Costa Concordia captain at the centre of one of Italy's worst maritime disasters, is currently under arrest.
He faces possible charges of manslaughter, causing a shipwreck and abandoning ship, charges he denies.
The 52-year-old's life has been dominated by the sea.
Born in the coastal town of Castellammare di Stabia, near the southern city of Naples, he attended a nautical institute in the nearby town of Piano di Sorrento.
Few personal details are known about Mr Schettino, and his family - based in the Naples town of Meta - have said they are no longer giving interviews to the press.
But speculation is swirling about how the vast ship he captained - almost a floating city with its 4,300 passengers and crew members - ended its journey aground and on its side, metres from the Tuscan island of Giglio.
End Quote Capt Schettino quoted in 2010 interview with Dnes newspaper
It's like plane crashes - everyone thinks it couldn't happen to them”
Mr Schettino joined Costa Cruises in 2002, initially as an official in charge of security. He was promoted to the role of captain in 2006, having been second-in-command.
As reports of a unplanned change of course and a terrifying and chaotic evacuation process have multiplied, the firm has been quick to distance itself from the captain who, it said, had made "serious errors of judgement".
Costa's Chief Executive Officer Pier Luigi Foschi said Mr Schettino changed a pre-programmed route to make a manoeuvre that was "unauthorised, unapproved and unknown to Costa".
"The captain has the authority to take the decisions on board. In this case, the captain decided to change the route and he went into waters that he did not know in advance," Mr Foschi said.
Italian newspapers have speculated that the change of course may have been a daring deviation, a kind of maritime tribute to one of the crew members who was from the small island.
The reason for the dramatic shift in route will only be revealed by the criminal investigation but, in a television interview given hours after the ship ran aground, Mr Schettino's shock and disbelief is clear.
"I firmly believe that the rock was not shown," he tells the reporter, seemingly incredulous at what had happened.
"We didn't hit it with the bow of the boat, but from the side, as if this rock had some kind of spike beneath the water. I don't know if it was picked up or not but on the nautical chart it said that we should have had deep water beneath us. [...] We were about 300 metres from the rocks, more or less, we shouldn't have hit anything," he said.
Meanwhile, transcripts of conversations between Capt Schettino and the coastguard have emerged suggesting he fled before all passengers had been evacuated, despite his assertion otherwise.
In the recording, Coastguard Capt Gregorio De Falco repeatedly orders him to get back on board the ship.
"Listen Schettino, perhaps you have saved yourself from the sea, but I will make you look very bad. I will make you pay for this. Dammit, go back on board!" Capt De Falco says.
Speaking by radio from a lifeboat, Capt Schettino says he is co-ordinating the rescue from there, pleading at one point: "Do you realise that it is dark and we can't see anything?"
The coastguard shouts back: "So, what do you want to do, to go home, Schettino?! It's dark and you want to go home? Go to the bow of the ship where the ladder is and tell me what needs to be done, how many people there are, and what they need! Now!"
A taxi driver who says he took the captain to a hotel on Saturday morning - after the ship had crashed - told Ansa news agency the captain had asked only where he could buy some socks.
"He looked like a beaten dog, cold and scared," the taxi driver said.
An earlier interview was full of confidence in his abilities and the technology that underpins modern cruise ship travel. But some of his words may come back to haunt him.
"I wouldn't want to be the captain of the Titanic, forced to navigate between icebergs," he told a reporter from Czech newspaper Dnes in 2010.
"But I think that with the right preparation any situation can be overcome and any problem prevented," he added.
When asked whether the 1997 film Titanic had discouraged people from going on a cruise, his response was: "Luckily, people forget tragedies quickly. It's like plane crashes. Everyone thinks that it couldn't happen to them."
As the accusations against Mr Schettino grow, there have been those who have come to his defence, setting up a Facebook page with 1,500 fans.
Many of them are sailors themselves who have commented on how Mr Schettino's decision to steer the ship towards port after it collided with the rock had probably saved dozens of lives.
According to an interview in Naples-based Il Mattino newspaper quoting his sister, the first person Mr Schettino called after the incident was his 80-year-old mother, Rosa.
"He called her at five in the morning on Saturday to tell her there had been a disaster, that he had tried to save as many passengers as possible and not to worry, because it was all over," she said.