Italy's Berlusconi to quit after austerity law vote
Italy's Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is meeting President Giorgio Napolitano to submit his resignation.
It comes after the lower house of Italy's parliament has passed a package of austerity measures demanded by the EU and designed to restore markets' confidence in the country's economy.
A technocrat government led by ex-EU commissioner Mario Monti seems likely.
The austerity package includes a rise in VAT and the pension age, rising fuel prices and the sale of state assets.
Mr Berlusconi, who lost his parliamentary majority in a vote on Tuesday, promised to resign after the austerity measures were passed by both houses of parliament.
Members of the lower house voted 380-26 with two abstentions, after the Senate approved the measures easily on Friday. President Napolitano later signed the bill.
After accepting Mr Berlusconi's resignation, Mr Napolitano could then formally ask Mr Monti or another candidate to form a government of technocrats.
Italy is fast approaching a moment of profound political change. With the economic reforms having just been passed into law, Mr Berlusconi's expected to step down imminently. And now Italians are watching to see how exactly he'll play out his final moments in power.
It's thought that after his last cabinet meeting he'll make his way to the residence of the country's President, Giorgio Napolitano, and submit his resignation there.
In the days ahead it's widely believed that the well-respected economist, Mario Monti, will be asked to form a government. He's expected to try to reform the economy quite radically, and he has support from many quarters. But a leading newspaper columnist, Massimo Franco, says Mr Monti would require substantial cross-party parliamentary backing if he's to be effective.
"We thank Berlusconi for what he has done for all these years," said Fabrizio Cicchitto, an MP from the prime minister's People of Freedom Party.
Opposition MP Dario Franceschini welcomed his expected resignation.
"Today the curtain falls on a long and painful phase of Italian political history," he said.
"The country wants to turn the page and start again."
Crowds gathered outside the parliament, shouting "Resign" and "Bye bye Silvio". Later, groups outside the president's and prime minister's offices shouted abuse, calling Mr Berlusconi a "buffoon" and a "clown".
The outgoing prime minister said he felt "embittered" after hearing the insults.
Italy's leaders are desperate to signal that they can bring the country's finances under control, says the BBC's Alan Johnston in Rome, and they are moving fast.
Mr Monti, a well respected economist, is exactly the sort of man that the money markets would like to see take charge at this time of crisis, our correspondent says, but there is significant opposition to him within the country.
Berlusconi in numbers
- At least 51 votes of confidence in his government since it took power in 2008
- Three election victories - 1994, 2001 and 2008
- Two election defeats - 1996 and 2006
- Four ongoing trials
- 75 years old
- $9bn - net worth of Berlusconi and his family (Forbes, 2010)
The austerity package foresees 59.8bn euros in savings from a mixture of spending cuts and tax rises, with the aim of balancing the budget by 2014. Measures include:
- An increase in VAT, from 20% to 21%
- A freeze on public-sector salaries until 2014
- The retirement age for women in the private sector will gradually rise, from 60 in 2014 until it reaches 65 in 2026, the same age as for men
- Measures to fight tax evasion will be strengthened, including a limit of 2,500 euros on cash transactions
- There will be a special tax on the energy sector
On Wednesday, the interest rate on 10-year Italian government bonds touched 7%, the rate at which Greece, Ireland and Portugal were forced to seek bailouts from the EU.
An EU team has begun work in Rome, monitoring how Italy plans to cut its crushing debt burden, 120% of annual economic output (GDP).
The Italian economy has grown at an average of 0.75% a year over the past 15 years.