Ukraine ex-PM Yulia Tymoshenko jailed over gas deal

 

David Stern in Kiev says the verdict has been criticised by the EU and Russia

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Former Ukraine leader Yulia Tymoshenko has been jailed for seven years.

A judge ruled the ex-prime minister had criminally exceeded her powers when she signed a gas deal with Russia in 2009.

Mrs Tymoshenko said the charges were politically motivated. She vowed to appeal against her sentence and fight for Ukraine "till her last breath".

The EU said it was disappointed with the verdict, and that Kiev's handling of the case risked deep implications for its hopes of EU integration.

EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said in a statement the verdict showed justice was being applied selectively in politically motivated prosecutions.

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, who signed the deal with Mrs Tymoshenko, said he did not understand why she had been jailed.

"It is dangerous and counterproductive to cast the entire package of agreements into doubt," Mr Putin was quoted as saying by Reuters news agency.

Russia's foreign ministry had earlier said the ruling had a "clear anti-Russian subtext".

'Shame, shame'

Riot police stood outside the court as thousands of supporters and opponents gathered. There have been minor clashes and some arrests.

In his ruling, Judge Rodion Kireyev said the former prime minister would also have to pay back 1.5bn hrivnas ($186m; £119m) lost by the state gas company as a result of the deal.

At the scene

Even before the judge had finished his verdict, Yulia Tymoshenko stood up to denounce what he'd done. She said she would continue to fight on and urged her supporters to fight on, and promised that they would one day achieve a free, European, democratic Ukraine.

As she was led from court, her supporters cried "shame, shame" from the back of the court. As we came out of court 15 minutes later we walked out on to one of Kiev's main streets and there were file upon file of riot police standing alongside her supporters, who were playing music through loudspeakers and chanting political slogans. There have been confrontations, but so far they have been minor.

Mrs Tymoshenko can appeal against the sentence, but it will be a long, tedious process to take it to the next level. And during that time she will still be in prison.

She has also been banned from political office for three years, with implications for her role in next year's parliamentary elections.

As the verdict was read out, Mrs Tymoshenko spoke over the judge, saying she would fight to defend her honest name.

She said Ukraine had returned to the repression of Stalin's 1937 Soviet Union, and accused her long-time rival President Viktor Yanukovych of orchestrating the trial.

She said she would take the case to the European Court of Human Rights.

"We will fight and defend my good name in the European court," she said. "We have to be strong and defend Ukraine from this authoritarianism."

After the judge finished the verdict, her supporters in the court shouted: "Shame, shame."

They believe Mr Yanukovych used the trial to get rid of her before the next presidential election.

Western officials had urged the president to reclassify the charges against her as administrative, not criminal.

AFP news agency later quoted Mr Yanukovych as saying the sentence was not final, and that the appeal court would have to decide whether to uphold it.

"Today the court took its decision in the framework of the current criminal code. This is not the final decision," he said.

'Not very optimistic'

The former Orange Revolution leader was accused of exceeding her authority while negotiating the gas agreement with Russia in 2009, which critics say was to Ukraine's disadvantage.

The gas deal

  • Ten-year contract signed between Ukraine and Russia in January 2009
  • Investigators said Mrs Tymoshenko did not have cabinet approval to sign
  • They say the price Ukraine agreed to pay was too high, damaging state gas company Naftohaz and Ukraine's economy

"In January 2009, Tymoshenko... exercising the duties of prime minister... used her powers for criminal ends and, acting deliberately, carried out actions... which led to serious consequences," Judge Kireyev said.

As a result of ordering state gas company Naftohaz to sign an import contract with Russia in 2009 she inflicted damages of 1.5bn hrivnas on the company, he added.

Russia pipes gas to western Europe across Ukrainian territory and relations between the two ex-Soviet states have long been dogged by disputes over transit fees and unpaid bills.

As the verdict was read out over several hours, Mrs Tymoshenko stared at her iPad, apparently not listening to the judge, occasionally exchanging whispers with her daughter, Evgenia Carr.

She has been in custody for contempt of court since 5 August.

Mrs Tymoshenko was the heroine of the Western-leaning Orange Revolution - the sudden street protests that erupted after a fraudulent presidential election in 2004 - and was made prime minister shortly afterwards.

But the next few years saw Ukraine's revolution stagnate, and were marred by bickering between Mrs Tymoshenko and her Orange allies, which paralysed the country just as it was facing a deep economic crisis.

In 2010 the revolution was definitively reversed, when Mr Yanukovych was elected president and Mrs Tymoshenko forced into opposition.

Former president and one-time ally Viktor Yushchenko and others have testified against her in the court case.

 

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  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 71.

    As much as I'm not a Timoshenko fan, the criminal prosecution is too much here. Make a better deal, PR it, and beat her at the next elections - that will be fair game! But probably not for the current president, who had served a prison time twice himself - for the criminal, not political actions.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 70.

    I'm quite surprised it's got this far without the EU and Russia jointly squishing it. The decision annoys the Russians, it undermines their ability to do deals with Ukraine over gas with the politicians. The decision also annoys the EU, they want Ukraine to be stable and transit their gas from Russia. This is going to cost "important" people money so you can bet there will be developments...

  • Comment number 69.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • Comment number 68.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 67.

    #65 How do you define democracy? Hosting Russian/American military bases? Cheap consumer credit along with poor quality Chinese imports? In reality it’s all about zones of interests. Furthermore big corporations dictate what those are..

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 66.

    When will Tony Blair get jailed for war crimes?

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 65.

    Sad day for democracy in Ukraine!

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 64.

    Country has been in a deep trouble thanks to Russia, EU and USA. Mr Putin plays “USSR style” iron fist while Bush-Obama tandem use Ukraine as a negotiation tool. As far as EU (aka Germany/France) is concerned then it is all about “gas” (google what Gerhard Schröder does nowdays) in return for “Ukrainian favours”. I hope Ukraine will not end up being another Yugoslavia..

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 63.

    To those sound supporters of Tymoshenko I would like to remind about the men (Pavlo Lazarenko) who made her who she is now. Former president of Ukraine Kuchma is another “kid of the block”. Tymoshenko got what she deserved (long term) and in Ukraine majority of people would love to see Kuchma, Yushenko,Yankovitch and many others joining her.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 62.

    I agree with Duorig that more detail is needed, but then that's the problem, isn't it? Ukraine's very murkiness is the pathology. Russia claims it's disappointed, but how disappointed can Russia be that the decision has pushed Ukraine away from the EU and closer to Russia? What role was played by current pro-Russian Ukrainian security head (and former Tymoshenko minister) Valeriy Khoroshkovsky?

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 61.

    38.
    Peter_Sym

    And how did the Georgian war start? Didnt the Georgians fire the first shots?

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 60.

    Regarding Mr Sigh's comment, he makes a very good point about prosecuting former governments. Indeed there are many things our former cabinet should be held accountable for but is hunting them down for their mistakes the right thing to do? Although frustrated by Labour's costly mistakes, If we go down the road of retribution we run the risk of going down an dangerous path.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 59.

    Attila: We don't put people in jail because we disagree with them. This applies to politicians as well as to "ordinary" people. Jail is for committing a crime, not for making a supposedly bad deal for the country. Jailing Timoshenko is another sign that Ukraine is becoming a totalitarian state.

  • rate this
    -4

    Comment number 58.

    #45 Ukraine might have plenty of 'resources' but it doesn't have oil or gas (except the stuff in the pipes crossing the country) does it ? Precisely because Ukraine IS quite well off for land etc its been frequently invaded which is why Ukraine could do with some friends. Cross Russia and there'll soon be 'justification' produced for another Georgian war.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 57.

    I think most people do not get that she was prosecuted not just for bad decision. She was prosected for a decision that she had NO AUTHORITY to make. She was accused of presenting her personal decision as that of the whole cabinet of ministers. Also polytically this decision IS VERY BAD for the current president. He won elections when he had her as an opponent - he might well loose to someone new!

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 56.

    I think some people need to read the article again, particularly the sentence:
    -"Russia's foreign ministry also criticised the verdict, saying the ruling had an "obvious anti-Russian subtext"."

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 55.

    This isn't about Russian influence or pro- and anti-Russian Ukrainians.

    This is about holding on to power at all costs, and using that power to steal as many $ billions as possible through corruption.

    They are copying the Russian model (where $ trillions are stolen through corruption), but that doesn't mean they are prepared to share the loot with Russians or anyone else for that matter.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 54.

    One wonders what Viktor Yanukovych will get out of this. How long before Russia removes their 'man in charge'?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 53.

    A typical knee-jerk reaction from BBC readers: "Blame Russia". All the more ridiculous given that the contracts that landed Ms Tymoshenko in court are hugely beneficial for Russia. Because of that, Russia's Foreign Ministry and even the Communist opposition have already condemned the verdict as "politically motivated". I am under no illusion that these arguments will persuade the Brits though.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 52.

    As a citizen of Ukraine I welcome these news!!! It is nice to see that at least sometimes politicians are held accountable for their actions. "Persecution of opposition" nonsense peddled by the EU with regard to this case is driven by self interest and fear of being held accountable. The convict held the highest post in Ukraine - and she is prosecuted for what she did when she had ultimate power!

 

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