EU sanctions target Syria elite in bid to end violence

Syrian troops near Deraa, 5 May 11 Syria poured troops into Deraa to quell protests and dozens of civilians died

The EU has imposed an arms embargo on Syria as well as an asset freeze and visa ban on 13 top Syrian officials.

The Syrian president's younger brother Maher al-Assad tops the EU list. He is described as "principal overseer of violence against demonstrators".

President Bashar al-Assad is not included. But the EU said he too could face sanctions if he failed to end the authorities' violent crackdown.

Hundreds of civilians have been killed in the unrest, human rights groups say.

The demonstrations calling for political reform began in mid-March. The authorities say they are combating an armed insurrection by gangs of "terrorists".

Plea to end bloodshed

The EU foreign policy chief, Baroness Ashton, urged President Assad to "choose the path of reform and national inclusive dialogue and avoid further bloodshed whilst the door remains open".

Activists in Syria report thousands of arrests by security forces and the southern town of Deraa, a focal point of the uprising, has been cut off for two weeks.

Banner saying "Are all Syrian towns terrorist?" at an anti-government protest in Baniyas (6 May 2011) Demonstrations and protest vigils have been reported in many parts of the country

Troops and tanks have now moved into the city of Homs and remain deployed in the coastal town of Baniyas, according to the reports. Columns of tanks have also been seen moving towards the central city of Hama.

In her statement, Baroness Ashton said the EU "urges Syria to put an immediate end to violence and swiftly introduce genuine and comprehensive political reform, the only way to provide peace and stability for Syria in the long term.

"Failing that, the EU will consider extending the restrictive measures in light of the developments, including at the highest level of leadership."

The EU has now implemented an embargo on exports to Syria of arms and equipment that could be used for internal repression.

Key Assad aides

Maher al-Assad, 43, heads the Republican Guard and tops the list of 13 targeted by EU sanctions. They are powerful players in President Assad's inner circle.

The head of Syria's intelligence service, Ali Mamluk, is next on the list.

New Interior Minister Muhammad Ibrahim al-Shaar is also blacklisted.

An associate of Maher al-Assad is also included - Rami Makhlouf, who is one of Syria's richest men. The EU says he "bankrolls the regime, allowing violence against demonstrators".

Last month the US imposed similar sanctions on Maher al-Assad, Ali Mamluk and Atif Najib, the former head of intelligence in Deraa. Atif Najib also figures on the EU list.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says 621 civilians and 120 security personnel have been killed since pro-democracy protests began in March. Another Syrian rights group, Sawasiah, says more than 800 civilians have been killed.

Officials dispute the civilian toll and say about 100 soldiers have died.

The unrest poses the most serious challenge to President Assad since he succeeded his father, Hafez, in 2000.

CLICKABLE

Qamishli

A mobile phone snapshot, reportedly taken in Qamishli on 29 April, shows protesters carrying banners written in Arabic and Kurdish demanding democracy.

Damascus

Anti-government protesters in Syria say seven people have been killed by the security forces in the town of Talkalakh, close to the border with Lebanon.

Razan, who is a resident of Damascus, tells the BBC about violence and protests around Syria.

<--

Talbisah

Amateur video has captured the moment what was a peaceful protest in the Syrian city of Talbisah was broken up forcefully by soldiers.

This unverified video seems to show a peaceful protest in Talbisah. Moments into the footage, tanks fire on unarmed civilians. Wyre Davis reports.

-->

Deraa

Residents of Deraa walk past a burnt-out building. It follows shelling by troops in what human rights groups say was an intensified crackdown on protests in recent weeks.

Homs

Syrian army vehicles were photographed near Homs and broadcast on the Syrian opposition internet channel Sham SNN on 11 May.

Are you in Syria? What is happening where you are? Send us your pictures, videos and comments using the form below.

Send your pictures and videos to yourpics@bbc.co.uk or text them to 61124 (UK) or +44 7624 800 100 (International). If you have a large file you can upload here.

Read the terms and conditions

If you are happy to be contacted by a BBC journalist please leave a telephone number that we can contact you on. In some cases a selection of your comments will be published, displaying your name as you provide it and location, unless you state otherwise. Your contact details will never be published. When sending us pictures, video or eyewitness accounts at no time should you endanger yourself or others, take any unnecessary risks or infringe any laws. Please ensure you have read the terms and conditions.

Terms and conditions

More on This Story

Syria conflict

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites

More Europe stories

RSS

Features

  • RihannaCloud caution

    After celebrity leaks, what can you do to safeguard your photos?


  • Cesc FabregasFair price?

    Have some football clubs overpaid for their new players?


  • Woman and hairdryerBlow back

    Would banning high-power appliances actually save energy?


  • Rack of lambFavourite feast

    Is the UK unusually fond of lamb and potatoes?


  • Members of staff at James Stevenson Flags hold a Union Jack and Saltire flag UK minus Scotland

    Does the rest of the UK care if the Scots become independent?


BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.