2 October 2010
Last updated at 03:01
The new mosque in the Chechen capital Grozny is said to be the largest in Russia. It symbolises Grozny's reconstruction, after devastating wars with Russia in the 1990s. Russian photographer Ilya Varlamov got intimate access to the city's new buildings.
Despite Moscow's official declaration that the war in Chechnya is over, the security situation has been very unstable. A notice forbids entering the mosque with firearms.
Thirty-six huge chandeliers were made using traditional Chechen designs. The mosque is named after Akhmad Kadyrov, a Chechen rebel turned president who was assassinated in 2004. His son Ramzan is now Chechnya's Moscow-backed president.
During the conflict, the vast majority of ethnic Russians left the republic. The Church of St Michael the Archangel was badly damaged during the fighting, but was restored and reopened in 2006.
One of the most frequently seen slogans around the city is "Ramzan, thank you for Grozny!" Huge posters with various quotes and portraits can be seen all over town.
The city has a lot of portraits of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. But one of the most visible is of the late Akhmad Kadyrov.
The personal security guards of the president are one of the most influential and feared units in the country.
Such is the religious fervour in Grozny that it has a taxi company simply called "Islam".
Ramzan Kadyrov decided that the main street in Grozny should be named after Mr Putin, who was formerly Russia's president.
This local market, which does not open until 0900, usually gets very busy.
The centre of Grozny may have been restored, but some parts of the city have not yet been rebuilt after the war that claimed thousands of lives of Russians and Chechens.
This woman had until recently lived in a ruined house. She now says she has been moved to another house but does not have any paperwork for the new accommodation.