Radovan Karadzic trial recalls siege of Sarajevo
The war crimes trial of former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, on its return from a summer break, has heard about the siege of Sarajevo.
A UN observer said the bombardment of the Bosnian capital in late 1992 was so intense that the UN ran out of space to record the attacks on its forms.
Mr Karadzic, who is defending himself, attended the session at the international court in The Hague.
He denies 11 charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Prosecutors say he orchestrated a campaign of "ethnic cleansing" against Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) and Croats in eastern Bosnia to create an ethnically pure Serbian state.
Some 12,000 people died during the siege of Sarajevo, over which Mr Karadzic is accused of the indiscriminate targeting of civilians.
At the trial on Tuesday Richard Mole, the former United Nations senior military observer for Sarajevo, described the intensity of the shelling.
- Eleven counts of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and other atrocities
- Charged over shelling of Sarajevo during the city's siege, in which some 12,000 civilians died
- Allegedly organised the massacre of up to 8,000 Bosniak men and youths in Srebrenica
- Targeted Bosniak and Croat political leaders, intellectuals and professionals
- Unlawfully deported and transferred civilians because of national or religious identity
- Destroyed homes, businesses and sacred sites
"The strike rate of heavy artillery within the concentrated area of Otis was unbelievable," he recalled.
He said there was not enough space on the sheets the UN used to record the attacks, meaning observers had to write on the back too.
Mr Karadzic was arrested in 2008 after nearly 13 years on the run.
During his time in power, he was president of the self-styled Bosnian Serb Republic and commander of its army during the Bosnian conflict which left more than 100,000 people dead.