New Caledonia territory profile - Leaders
- 23 June 2015
- From the section Asia-Pacific
Head of state: (French) President Francois Hollande, represented by a high commissioner
President of government: Philippe Germain
Philippe Germain, of the anti-independence Caledonia Together party, was elected head of the territory's autonomous government in April 2015, ending a four-month political crisis.
The deadlock started when the previous executive led by Cynthia Lygeard collapsed in December 2014 over differences within the 11-members dominant anti-independence majority.
For months after, neither Mr Germain nor Ms Lygeard, who belongs to the rival anti-independence Front for Unity party, were able to win enough votes to be elected, until the pro-independence minority agreed to choose between them.
Ms Ligeard had become president when the anti-independence bloc retained its majority in legislative elections in 2014.
New Caledonia has a power-sharing executive elected by the legislature, Congress, after each election in a manner that ensures that all parties are represented on it in proportion to their number of seats in Congress.
After being elected, the executive then chooses its president from among its members.
At a national level, New Caledonia is represented in the French parliament by two deputies and two senators.