Yoshihiko Noda wins Japan leadership race
Japan's governing Democratic Party (DPJ) has chosen Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda as its leader, lining him up to become the country's sixth prime minister in five years.
Mr Noda secured victory in a run-off against Trade Minister Banri Kaieda, after a first-round vote in which no candidate won a clear majority.
Prime Minister Naoto Kan later formally resigned with his entire cabinet.
He has been criticised for his handling of the quake aftermath.
Mr Noda, 54, is expected to be confirmed by parliament as prime minister.
He secured 215 votes in the ballot against Mr Kaieda's 177 votes.
Supporters of public favourite Seiji Maehara - the former foreign minister who was eliminated in first-round voting - threw their support behind Mr Noda in the second ballot.
Mr Kaieda was backed by scandal-hit party heavyweight Ichiro Ozawa, who controls the DPJ's biggest faction.Divided party
Correspondents say the new prime minister will face a daunting agenda, including trying to unify a divided party.
- Served under Naoto Kan as finance minister
- Wants to double sales tax to 10% to meet social security spending commitments
- Has not backed Naoto Kan's call for a nuclear-free Japan
- Has stressed importance of Japan-US security alliance
Large parts of Japan need to be rebuilt after March's earthquake and tsunami, and the crisis at the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant still needs to be resolved.
Added to that, Mr Noda, a fiscal conservative, will need to address Japan's stagnant economy.
He has said in the past that he favours raising funds through increased taxation - including a doubling of Japan's sales tax, which currently stands at 5% - to cut debt and meet social security commitments.
Unlike Mr Kan, he wants Japan's halted nuclear reactors to be restarted and has not backed his call for a nuclear-free Japan.
"Let us sweat together for the sake of the people," he said after the vote. "This is my heartfelt wish."
- Naoto Kan: (June 10-Aug 11) Criticised for handling of quake crisis
- Yukio Hatoyama (Sep 09-Jun 10) Failed to keep election promise on Okinawa US base
- Taro Aso (Sep 08-Sep 09) Famed for verbal gaffes, lost election
- Yasuo Fukuda (Sep 07-Sep 08) Struggled to pass laws, after DPJ took control of upper house
- Shinzo Abe (Sep 06-Sep 07) Unpopular government hit by scandal
The DPJ won power in a general election in 2008, ending half a century of almost unbroken rule by the Liberal Democratic Party.
But it lost control of the upper house in polls in 2010 and has struggled to pass key legislation through parliament.
It has also been hit by in-fighting, with the leadership race turning into a bitter factional battle between supporters and enemies of tainted king-maker Ichiro Ozawa.
Mr Ozawa - who is known as the Shadow Shogun - commands the loyalty of around 130 lawmakers, despite awaiting trial on charges of misreporting political donations. He is currently suspended from the DPJ.
The public's favourite candidate, Mr Maehara, would have become Japan's youngest leader since World War II if elected.
Farm Minister Michihiko Kano and former Transport Minister Sumio Mabuchi were also in the leadership contest.