Towards an Asian future

 

It is hard to think of a country pulled in as many different directions as Australia.

A visitor at the Australia pavilion on the second day of the World Expo 2010 in Shanghai on May 2, 2010 Australia has long struggled with its competing allegiances

There is the historical, sentimental and constitutional attachment to Britain. There is the defence and strategic alliance with America. Then there is the commercial rapport with China, which has recently overtaken Japan as the country's major trading partner.

And we haven't even mentioned New Zealand, Australia's second largest source of immigrants and its long-time Anzac soul-mate.

As part of the Power of Asia season on the BBC, we've been asking where the country's future lies.

How does Australia feel about its increasingly Asian future?

From an economic perspective, the answer, obviously, is Asia. For even if China's growth slows, India, Vietnam, Japan and Indonesia will provide an expanding market for Australia's resources, like iron ore, coal and natural gas. The rise of Asia helps explain why average incomes here have doubled over the past two decades and why the country has managed to avoid recession during that entire period.

No wonder then that Colin Barnett, the premier of resource-rich Western Australia, says he spends more time in China than in Canberra.

Kevin Rudd with Hu Jintao and Manmohan Singh, IN 2008 Kevin Rudd advocated an Asian community during his time in office

No wonder that former Prime Minister Kevin Rudd (who speaks Mandarin) tried to institutionalise Australia's diplomatic influence in the region through the creation of an Asia-Pacific modelled on the EU.

If you look at the demographics of Australia, most of the population still has British or Irish ancestry. But it is becoming increasing Asian - almost 10% of the Australian population is now of Asian descent, and the number of Chinese-born Australians has increased six-fold over the past two decades. This process that will no doubt accelerate as the Indo-Pacific century unfolds.

The former Labor Prime Minister Paul Keating devoted more energy than any of his predecessors to reorientate his country towards Asia. He once said that if Australia could not succeed in Asia, it could not succeed anywhere. Since then, in a narrow commercial sense, it has done rather nicely.

But how does Australia feel about its increasingly Asian future? Uneasy is one answer. Indifferent is another.

One indicator is the take-up of Asian languages in Australian schools, which was a central part of Paul Keating's push to make his country more Asia-literate. While Japanese remains the most taught language in Australian schools, and Mandarin Chinese has become more popular, the teaching of other Asian languages is in decline.

Michael Wesley, of foreign policy think-tank the Lowy Institute, has just written an excellent book called There Goes the Neighbourhood: Australia and the Rise of Asia. Its basic argument is that Australia has become a lot more insular at a time when it should be projecting its pan-Asian influence.

In an argument which offers an up-to-date take on Donald Horne's The Lucky Country, Mr Wesley suggests that much of this is borne of national complacency.

He writes: "We've been incredibly successful without really even trying to understand the region. And the very logical conclusion that people can draw from that is that we really don't have to try that hard to succeed in Asia. But I think that's a very mistaken view to have."

Michael Wesley has some fascinating insights into how Australians approach, say, travel in Asia compared with travel in Europe and America. The tendency in Asia, in places like Bali and Thailand, is to spend a week or so luxuriating on a beach, without devoting much time to finding out about the local cultures (here, I plead guilty). Travel in Europe, on the other hand, is a much more educational and richer experience.

That is symptomatic, he suggests, of a wider malaise. "We've never really made the emotional or the cultural leap [away from] placing Europe and America at the centre of our consciousness. That's what makes it hard for those advocating greater cultural awareness."

Often this kind of debate presents Australians with a false choice: that they somehow have to choose between their history, their security and their prosperity. Australia's great post-war success, it could be argued, has been the extent to which it has balanced its relations with Britain, America and most recently Japan, China and other Asian neighbours.

But should Asia become a much bigger part of that mix? Or is that process inexorable?

 
Nick Bryant Article written by Nick Bryant Nick Bryant New York correspondent

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  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 50.

    23.adairi
    23rd June 2011 - 9:41
    The culture, cuisine, and talent brought with Asian migrants makes Aus a brilliant, diverse place to live. wthout the abolishment of the 'white australia policy' we'd still be eating fish & chips.

    What? do u know what Balti is? its overtaken fish n chips,in popularity in the UK. Over there its more Asian than here and its in Europe.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 49.

    47 Woollemi

    Ex British colonies in the region share - Westminster systems, English language, military structures, and more......I don't know why it is but a legacy of the British Empire was fantastic plumbing

    Indeed and also one of the worlds greatest railway systems of the times in India, and a legacy of some great architecture..

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 48.

    @DKS,#46,

    What an offensive generalization.

    How about some examples of Asian nations that are models of internal racial harmony and that don't have centuries old 'ethnic' feuds with their neighbours and indigenous minorities.

    Singapore perhaps? Probably not, as it's an authoritarian society, I can't think of a single example, perhaps you can.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 47.

    I'm not sure the East/West history is that distinct.

    Until WW2, SE Asia and the Pacific were composed of European colonies (Thailand excepted). The bggest empire in the region was British

    Ex British colonies in the region share - Westminster systems, English language, military structures, and more......I don't know why it is but a legacy of the British Empire was fantastic plumbing

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 46.

    Why am I not surprised? The ugly truth is Australians are racists. They do not really care to understand the complexities of the various Asian cultures and their richness. Nor do they value cultural diversity. It has been their history. And now that is Australian culture.

 

Comments 5 of 50

 

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