Asia

China profile - Key facts

  • 16 February 2015
  • From the section Asia
Dragon dance performed to celebrate the traditional Lantern Festival in the soutwestern Chinese province of Guizhou on 3 February 2012
A symbol of strength, the dragon appears in many folk traditions and was once the emperor's emblem
  • Full name: People's Republic of China
  • Population: 1.35 billion (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Beijing
  • Largest city: Shanghai
  • Area: 9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq miles)
  • Major language: Mandarin Chinese
  • Major religions: Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Taoism
  • Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 76 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Renminbi (yuan) (Y) = 10 jiao = 100 fen;
  • Main exports: Manufactured goods, including textiles, garments, electronics, arms
  • GNI per capita: US $6,560 (World Bank, 2013)
  • Internet domain: .cn
  • International dialling code: +86