China halts top-level ties with Japan over boat dispute
China has suspended top-level exchanges with Japan in a row over the detention of a Chinese ship captain following a collision near disputed islands.
Chinese state media said ministerial and provincial-level contacts had been suspended, including talks on aviation and coal.
Earlier, a Japanese court extended the detention of the captain, held after the collision in the East China Sea.
The disputed islands are known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China.Strategically important
China had warned it would be taking "strong measures" against Japan after a court in Okinawa, southern Japan, said the sailor could be held for a further 10 days.
A foreign ministry statement read out on Chinese state television said the decision had "seriously damaged Sino-Japan bilateral exchanges".
It read: "[Foreign ministry spokesman] Ma Zhaoxu said China has repeated many times that any judicial measures Japan has taken against the Chinese captain are illegal and invalid.
"We demand Japan return the Chinese captain unconditionally and immediately. If Japan continues to take the wrong course, China will take strong counter-measures and Japan will have to take all the consequences."
- Gas fields: The countries argue over gas exploration rights in the East China Sea
- Disputed islands: Both countries claim ownership of Senkaku/Diaoyu islands
- Yasukuni Shrine: Memorial to Japan's war dead which China sees as glorifying war criminals
A spokesman for the Japanese prime minister's office, Noriyuki Shikata, told Reuters news agency: "Regarding individual issues, what is needed it to respond calmly without becoming emotional."
China has repeatedly demanded the release of the fisherman, Zhan Qixiong, 41, who was arrested on 8 September, the day after the collision.
Japan has returned the trawler and its crew. But the court decision means it may now detain the captain until 29 September.
The disputed islands are close to strategically important shipping lanes, offer rich fishing grounds and are thought to contain oil deposits.
Japan currently controls them, but both countries claim ownership.
On Saturday, small protests against Japan took place in several Chinese cities, marking the anniversary of the 1931 Mukden incident, that led to Japan's occupation of north-east China.
Demonstrators held banners demanding that Japan "get out" of the islands and release the Chinese captain from detention.