Social media and the India exodus

A man from India's northeastern states reads a newspaper showing news about people leaving as he waits with others to board a train home, at a railway station in Bangalore, India,Thursday, Aug. 16, 2012 Rumours triggered off the exodus from Bangalore

Is social media adding grist to the rumour mills that have triggered the exodus of workers from north-eastern states living in Bangalore and other cities in India?

By all accounts, yes. Threatening text messages sent in bulk - inexpensive in India - were the main vehicle of the insidious rumours that have swirled around in the city for the past two days, driving panic into the hearts of the tens of thousands of people from the north-eastern region living there. The federal government has panicked and banned bulk text messages for a fortnight to stop rumours.

The second wave of rumour-mongering possibly happened through Facebook and Twitter (India has 50m of the 955m Facebook users in the world).

I have been looking at some of tweets circulating in the pell-mell world of social media. "Now almost all north-east people have left our city", one resident tweeted. That means an exodus of 250,000 north-eastern people from the city, which is obviously bunkum (officials say some 15,000 workers have left since Wednesday evening).

Another tweet talked about north-eastern people - "especially business folks" - living in some Bangalore neighbourhoods who have been threatened and asked to leave the city within five days. There is no evidence that it happened. And, anyway, most tweets are silent on the source of the so-called threats. Some journalists didn't help matters by re-tweeting unverified information.

Social media is a mixed blessing, so good sense kicked in soon with senior journalists taking the lead in squelching rumours.

"The exodus is being sparked off by rumours... and those using Twitter/smses [text messages] to spread hate and falsehoods, time all right-thinking Indians isolate them... enough to spew bile on sms/Twitter," tweeted Rajdeep Sardesai of CNN-Ibn news channel.

Barkha Dutt of New Delhi Television (NDTV), a prolific Twitter user herself, said that the site had "become a quicksand of poison, bigotry and malice". Ms Dutt even said those who incited violence on social media should be hunted down and punished.

The social media storm even hit the parliament this morning. An MP belonging to a prominent regional party sought a "shutdown" on the social media sites for "a couple of days" to stop rumour-mongering. No prizes for guessing that he didn't have a clue about how to go about it.

That is where the problem lies. Rumours, as somebody once wrote, are the oldest form of mass media. In the early days they would be spread by word of mouth and travel slowly. Now with mobile phones and social networking sites, rumour - and panic - spread like wildfire, and India's largely technophobic government appears clueless about understanding and dealing with social networking sites.

There was a clumsy early attempt to gag the sites when a senior minister pulled them up for hosting "objectionable content". The sites pleaded that pre-screening of content was impossible. Netizens whipped up a storm of protest at what they believed was an attempt to censor the sites. (Who decides what is objectionable or acceptable?) Soon the chastened minister clarified that there were no plans to censor the sites.

One way is possibly for the government - and politicians - to use social media to engage with the people. Only a handful of Indian politicians - mostly the upper class and English-speaking - use social media to communicate. PM Manmohan Singh has a Twitter account, managed by his office, with over 160,000 followers. Much like the man himself, the content there is useful, but mostly comprising anodyne policy statements.

Social media is like the coffee house of yore, where people drop in to have a chat and share things. Indian politicians should shed their inhibitions to engage with people informally and quicky. If they had reached out that way when the Bangalore exodus began, the situation would have been defused much more quickly.

Soutik Biswas, Delhi correspondent Article written by Soutik Biswas Soutik Biswas Delhi correspondent

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  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    Maharashtra blogger alledgedly triggered NE panic:
    Investigators uncovered blog which they believe initiated NE residents' exodus. Advisory to Pune Police (Pune 8 largest metropolis in India, 2cd largest in State of Maharashtra after Mumbai) & message on website enhanced panic.
    Q. Why would people believe it?

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    Friday, 5-yr-old boy was injured in minor blast at Pimpri; this may have added to feeling of panic in the city which was rocked by multiple explosion on August 1. Blast occurred at Laxmi Tara Residential Bldg in Dange Chowk. Joint Commissioner of Police S K Singhal said no "terrorist or sabotage", stressed "no need to panic". Singhal said people should consult police when in doubt.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    More likely, N.E. feared reprisals over violence against Muslims in Assam. People from NE fled from cities such as Bangalore, Chennai, Pune & Mumbai, even as ethnic clashes between Bodos & Muslims (that began in July) spread to Baksa, Nalbari & Kamrup. In Assam, @ 19 people were injured. In Gossaigaon in Kokrajhar, nine Muslims had acid thrown at them; in Tamulpur in Baksa, 10 Bodos were arrested.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    On # 10 Minotaur
    Q. "How can one find the wolves from the sheep? People are just taking precautionary measures by going back home."
    A. Wolves attacking/killing sheep is old problem. But wouldn't it be ideal if one didn't have to worry about wolves or run miles to get away from them?
    It would be called "peace"; its biggest interference is orthodix religion or sometimes, just plain greed.

  • rate this

    Comment number 18.

    Where there is smoke, there is fire. Indian states have a long history of Hindu-Muslim riots. To pin it down to rumours and tweets/sms is a great deception of the media that has too much power and not enough accountability. Let's not forget the Arab spring and last year's London riots which started with the use of tweets/sms. But they both had a real grave issue at heart! Face up India...


Comments 5 of 28



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