Myanmar: Violence forces aid works away from Rakhine state
2 June 2014 Last updated at 06:33 BST
For most of the last 50 years, Myanmar has been governed by a brutal military dictatorship.
Steps have been made towards democracy in the last three years, but the difficult relationship between the country's Buddhist majority and Muslim minority is now seen as the government's biggest challenge ahead of a general election next year.
The BBC's Jonah Fisher reports from Rakhine state on the widespread hostility to Rohingya Muslims, which has left many without access to medical help.