30 April 2014
Last updated at 16:55
Aid agencies have expressed concern at the plight of at least 140,000 stateless Muslim Rohingya - made homeless by Buddhist-Muslim violence in 2012 - who now live in makeshift camps in Rakhine State in the west of Myanmar, also known as Burma.
The displaced Muslims have to endure stiflingly hot conditions and an acute shortage of medicine and food. The camps are located a two-hour boat ride from Sittwe, capital of Rakhine State in west Myanmar. The baby in this photo is suffering from a skin infection.
A mother cradles the shrouded body of her three-month-old baby girl at the Kyein Ni Pyin camp for internally displaced people in Pauk Taw, Rakhine state. "I think my child would have made it if someone was here to help," Asoma's mother, Gorima, told Reuters.
In February, Myanmar's government expelled the main aid group providing health to more than 500,000 Rohingya in Rakhine State - Medecins Sans Frontieres-Holland (MSF-H) - after the group said it had treated Muslims believed to have been victims of Buddhist violence near the Bangladesh border.
Other aid agencies left last month following attacks on UN and NGO offices by a Rakhine mob angered by rumours that a foreign aid worker had desecrated a Buddhist flag. Their withdrawal means that this 54-year-old TB sufferer has to fend for himself.
At the moment only food distribution by the World Food Programme is allowed in the camps. Rakhine community leaders in the state government's Emergency Co-ordination Centre have imposed stringent conditions on others wanting to go back.
Myanmar International Red Cross head Jurg Montani told the BBC that foreign aid agencies could not return to the camps because the local community in Rakhine resented their presence. He said that the culture of fear at the camps was so powerful that inhabitants were frightened to go to Sitwe hospital for treatment.
The lack of international aid means that Muslims in camps have to get their own medicine. It is hoped that conditions will improve once the government allows most NGOs to return to full operation after Buddhist New Year celebrations.
With foreign aid largely absent, every day of delay is measured in preventable deaths. Although no-one is now there to count them accurately, the average of 10 daily emergency medical referrals before aid groups left is no longer happening, World Health Organisation Co-ordinator Liviu Vedrasco told Reuters.
In Kyein Ni Pyin, nearly 4,600 Rohingya live under police guard and their movements are restricted. They are classified by the government as illegal Bangladeshi immigrants. One foreign aid worker described the area to Reuters as "a concentration camp".
US President Barack Obama said on Sunday that the rights of Myanmar's minority Muslim population were not being fully protected. He warned that the country "would not succeed" if Muslims there were oppressed.