South Korea-US exercises announced as Kenneth Bae visit blocked
South Korea and the US have announced that their annual military drills will take place from 24 February to 18 April, despite anger from North Korea.
Pyongyang warned against the planned drills last week, calling them "exercises of war".
Meanwhile, the US said it was disappointed that the North rescinded an invitation to a US envoy to discuss the release of a jailed US citizen.
Kenneth Bae has been held in North Korea for more than a year.
In a statement on Monday, the joint Combined Forces Command (CFC) said that Key Resolve, a computer-based simulation, and Foal Eagle, which involves air, ground and naval drills, were both scheduled to begin on 24 February.
"Key Resolve is a vital exercise to strengthen readiness of the Republic of Korea and US Alliance," CFC commander Gen Curtis Scaparrotti said.
- Annual US-South Korea joint military exercise
- Generally runs between February and March
- Involves around 10,000 US troops and their South Korean counterparts
- Believed to include ground, air, naval, expeditionary and special operations training exercises
"The scenarios are realistic, enabling us to train on our essential tasks and respond to any crisis which may arise."
Last year, the exercises led to a prolonged surge in tensions, with North Korea threatening pre-emptive nuclear strikes and cutting a military hotline with the South.
North Korea's top military body threatened last week to cancel planned family reunions with the South if the joint military exercises went ahead.
The reunions are for family members separated when the Korean peninsula was partitioned at the end of the 1950-53 Korean War. However, the North has been accused of using them as a bargaining chip.
South Korean defence ministry spokesman Kim Min-seok said on Monday: "North Korea is well aware that the South Korean-US drills are annual trainings defensive in nature."
"So it is not appropriate to link [the drills] with family reunions."'Special amnesty'
Separately, on Sunday, the US said it was "deeply disappointed" North Korea had decided to withdraw its invitation to US envoy Robert King for talks on jailed US citizen Kenneth Bae.
The military exercises were "in no way linked to Mr Bae's case", State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.
"We again call on the DPRK [North Korea] to grant Bae special amnesty and immediate release as a humanitarian gesture," she added.
North Korea also cancelled a request from Mr King to visit last August to discuss Mr Bae.
US civil rights leader Jesse Jackson has offered to travel to North Korea for talks instead, Ms Psaki said.
Mr Bae, a Korean-American, was arrested in North Korea in November 2012.
Pyongyang said he used his tourism business to form groups to overthrow the government, and sentenced to 15 years' hard labour in May.
Mr Bae is currently believed to be in a labour camp.
His family say he has several health complaints including diabetes and liver problems.