North Korea reopens hotline with South

South Korean vehicles returning from Kaesong Industrial Complex 28 March 2013 Operations at Kaesong came to a halt after the North withdrew its workers and restricted access

North Korea has restored a key hotline with South Korea, as the two sides discuss where to hold talks on a jointly-run industrial zone.

Pyongyang said early on Friday it would reopen a Red Cross line cut in March.

It also invited officials to Kaesong for talks on Sunday on restarting operations at the factory zone, after the two sides agreed in principle to talks on Thursday.

Seoul has agreed to Sunday talks but wants them to take place at Panmunjom.

Work at the Kaesong industrial zone has been halted since April, amid high regional tensions.

Ties between the two Koreas deteriorated earlier this year in the wake of the North's 12 February nuclear test.

North Korea's nuclear ambitions are expected to be on the table when the US and Chinese presidents meet in California later on Friday for an informal summit.

Kaesong Industrial Zone

  • Launched in 2003, largely financed by the South to increase co-operation
  • More than 120 factories employ North Koreans in manufacturing industries, with goods exported to the South
  • Complex as a whole produced $470m worth of goods in 2012 - the biggest contributor to inter-Korean trade
  • South Korean companies pay more than $80m a year in wages to North Korean workers
'Mistrust'

The Kaesong factory complex is seen as a symbol of North-South co-operation. Around 53,000 North Korean workers are employed there by more than 120 South Korean factories.

The zone is a key source of revenue for the North and the biggest contributor to inter-Korean trade.

However, Pyongyang withdrew its workers in April, apparently angered by tightened UN sanctions in the wake of its nuclear test and annual South Korea-US military drills.

It had already cut a military hotline with South Korea, and another line used to communicate with the UN Command at Panmunjom in the Demilitarised Zone that divides the two Koreas, in addition to the Red Cross hotline.

On Thursday, however, it offered talks with the South on the resumption of operations and said it would reconnect the Red Cross hotline if Seoul - which had been seeking such talks - agreed.

Media round-up

Hankyoreh said North Korea's offer of talks marked "a new stage in inter-Korean relations… This offer is an excellent opportunity to make a breakthrough".

Choson Ilbo linked the proposal to the US-China leadership summit, saying: "Pyongyang probably wants to prevent China from joining the United States in condemning it and is afraid of even further isolation".

Joong Ang Daily sees the "icy tensions" on the Korean peninsula thawing, saying: "The North supposedly wants to turn to dialogue after all the fracas over its long-range missile launches, a third nuclear test, a unilateral suspension of the joint industrial park and other provocations."

State-run China Daily, meanwhile, says North Korea "wants to seize the initiative in the talks with South Korea, but whether it really wants to hold a sincere dialogue is still to be seen".

Pyongyang's Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of Korea (CPRK) said the Red Cross link would be restored from 14:00 local time (0500 GMT). The Unification Ministry subsequently confirmed this had taken place.

The two sides are still working out details of the talks on the industrial zone. The South suggested ministerial-level talks in Seoul on Wednesday, but North Korea then asked for lower-level talks on Sunday in Kaesong, which is located just inside North Korea.

In a statement, Pyongyang said that working-level talks were needed first, "in the light of the prevailing situation in which the bilateral relations have been stalemated for years and mistrust has reached the extremity".

South Korea has agreed to the weekend talks but requested a change of venue to Panmunjom, the truce village which lies on the border between the two nations, the Unification Ministry said.

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