Benazir Bhutto still at heart of PPP election campaign

PPP supporters at a Lahore rally (6 May 2013) Despite the crowds it has drawn, the PPP's campaign has been waged without a central charismatic figure

At the Bhutto family home in Naudero, Larkana, the mood in the run-up to Pakistan's elections is subdued.

In one of the back rooms sits a woman with spectacles and a white shawl wrapped around her head. Surrounded by dozens of women workers, she is busy finalising her party's plans for polling day.

She is not just any candidate: Faryal Talpur is President Asif Zardari's sister and is standing for election in the constituency of former Prime Minister and Pakistan People's Party (PPP) stalwart Benazir Bhutto.

Known as Addi Faryal - or Sister Faryal in Sindhi - Ms Talpur has been the most powerful woman in the party for the last five years.

She does not hold an official position, but has exerted considerable influence on government and party affairs.

Faryal Talpur is trying to enliven an otherwise moribund PPP election campaign

As the head of state, Mr Zardari cannot campaign openly for his party.

His son and the young leader of the party, Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari, has stayed away from the campaign trail, apparently amid security concerns over a possible Taliban attack on parties the militants see as being too liberal.

This has effectively left Ms Talpur in charge of the PPP's unusually low-key campaign.

Low-key campaign

The absence of a central charismatic figure from the family addressing mass rallies has hampered the PPP's efforts to rally its support base.

Pakistan People's Party rally at Larkana (May 2013) Despite the boisterous atmosphere at the PPP's rallies, critics say it has fought a lacklustre campaign (Pictures: Abdujalil Abdurasulov/BBC)
A donkey causes a traffic jam in a remote part of Sindh In rural Sindh, where the PPP has always commanded especially strong support, the chaos of the election seems to be passing many voters by
Portrait of Benazir Bhutto The party has relied extensively on the popular appeal of assassinated leader Benazir Bhutto for the 2013 campaign
Children in Khairpur make peace signs One of the key issues in the campaign has been sectarian and militant violence that has bedevilled Pakistan. These children are making peace signs
Tailors in Khairpur Another important issue in the campaign has been power cuts which frequently hit Sindh and make it very hard for local industries to operate

Party candidates have faced tough questions by angry voters over their performance.

Larkana has been a stronghold of the Bhuttos for more than four decades.

In 2008, the PPP was swept into power after the death of its leader, Benazir Bhutto, because there was a wave of sympathy for the party.

Five years on, in this election, the party still appears to be using her death to get itself re-elected.

The PPP's evocative TV advertisement campaign revolves around Ms Bhutto's assassination and makes little or no mention of the last government's performance in office.

"Today, when I ask for your votes in the name of Benazir Bhutto it is because she remains our leader, she is a hugely symbolic figure," says Ms Talpur.

She vehemently defends her party's track record in office, saying the government tried its best to deliver on its promise of building roads, schools, hospitals and creating jobs.

But there is a growing sense of disillusionment with the party. Many voters say they feel let down by their government and accuse local leaders of being out of touch.

'Unprecedented corruption'

Imdad Ali Mirbahar runs a grocery shop in a windowless mud hut. He says he has voted for the PPP all his life - but not anymore.

"Their ministers didn't care much for the people - like Benazir used to," he says.

Pakistan elections 11 May 2013

  • Polling stations open from 8am to 5pm local time. There are 86,189,802 registered voters - 48,592,387 men and 37,597,415 women
  • Five thousand candidates will be standing for 342-seat National Assembly, 272 of which are directly elected. There are 11,692 Provincial Assembly candidates
  • Fifty-one candidates are vying for the NA-48 constituency seat in Islamabad, the highest number in the country.
  • More than 600,000 security personnel including 50,000 troops will be deployed to guard against militant attacks
  • There are more than 73,000 polling stations - 20,000 of which have been earmarked as a security risk
  • Five security personnel will be stationed at each polling station, with up to double that number at those facing the gravest security threats
  • Polls will mark the first time that a civilian government has completed a full five-year term and handed over to an elected successor

"They were busy buying properties and expensive cars while poor people like me were suffering."

Disappointment with the PPP is allowing smaller regional parties to make in-roads into the Bhutto heartland.

Mehtab Akbar Rashdi, a former TV personality and retired civil servant. She is contesting polls for the first time on the ticket of Pakistan Muslim League-Functional.

She feels voters are determined to punish the previous government through the ballot box.

"People are not looking to the PPP for solutions anymore," she says.

"They have experienced bad governance, lawlessness and unprecedented corruption under the PPP. So while they may still feel emotionally attached to the Bhuttos, they are not going to vote for their party candidates."

It is true that the PPP has deep roots among millions of rural poor, especially in Sindh province. And unlike most parties, workers and leaders of the PPP have a long track record of standing up to military dictators in Pakistan.

But the political landscape in Pakistan appears to be shifting - slowly but surely.

There is a growing desire among voters for change, and to see their elected leaders held to account.

For many concerned with Pakistan's democratic evolution, that can only be a good thing, regardless of who comes out on top.

As for President Zardari's party, many believe its parliamentary strength may well be reduced significantly in these elections, even if the PPP remains a key player in Pakistani politics.

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