US-South Korea drills begin amid North Korea tensions

 

The BBC's Lucy Williamson on the tensions between North and South Korea

The US and South Korea have begun annual military drills amid high tensions with North Korea in the wake of a UN sanctions vote.

Pyongyang has strongly condemned the exercises, threatening to scrap the armistice that ended the Korean War.

Seoul says North Korea also appears to have carried out a threat made last week to sever a cross-border hotline.

The drills come days after the UN approved new sanctions on North Korea following its nuclear test in February.

The test last month was the communist country's third. It followed an apparently successful launch in December of a three-stage rocket, seen as a banned test of missile technology.

North Korea's neighbours and the US fear it is working to build a nuclear warhead small enough to put on a missile, but believe it does not yet have the capabilities to do so.

'Unpredictable'

Analysis

Few people here are expecting full-blown war, but in the current climate there is concern over accidental escalation, especially after North Korea's decision to cut the military hot-line between the two sides at Panmunjom.

Even this is not unprecedented, however. The telephone line at Panmunjom has been abandoned by the North before, most recently in 2010. The year before that, North Korea also announced its withdrawal from all joint agreements involving the South. And analysts point out that an alternative military communications line, used to monitor cross-border workers at the Kaesong Industrial Complex, remains open.

The US-South Korea joint drills, which are known as "Key Resolve", last two weeks and involve more than 13,000 troops. Another joint exercise, known as Foal Eagle, has been under way since the beginning of March.

Both exercises take place every year, usually prompting strong rhetoric from the North.

In apparent response to the UN sanctions vote, however, North Korea has issued multiple threats, promising to abandon the Korean War armistice, pull out of non-aggression pacts with North Korea and cut cross-border links, including the hotline.

Early on Monday, South Korea's Unification Ministry said efforts to contact the North via the hotline had been unsuccessful. The hotline, installed in 1971, has been severed on five previous occasions.

North Korea also appears set to carry out its own military drills this week, South Korea says.

Late last week, South Korea's new President, Park Geun-hye, warned that the security situation on the Korean Peninsula was "very grave".

The two Koreas remain technically at war, because an armistice was signed at the end of the 1950-53 Korean conflict, rather than a peace deal.

Tensions have boiled over on a number of occasions in the past, most recently in November 2010 when four South Koreans were killed in North Korean shelling on a border island.

North Korea's Communist Party newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, warned on Monday that the situation was unpredictable.

"With the ceasefire agreement blown apart... no one can predict what will happen in this land from now on," the mouthpiece said.

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  • rate this
    -15

    Comment number 34.

    When will people realise the lengths the US will go to, to stay number one supposedly in the world. Its not even over Nukes its all about China becoming number one in the world and the USA losing its place and America is doing its best to stop that by any means nessary

  • rate this
    +24

    Comment number 33.

    Some people just have to blame the U.S for everything.

    The 15-member UN Security Council unanimously voted for stronger sanctions (including Russia & China) and the UN General Secretary is South Korean - but some still solely blame the US, odd that.

  • rate this
    -5

    Comment number 19.

    Remove all non-weapon related sanctions.
    Get a proper peace treaty negotiated and signed.
    Put N Korea on an even footing where they can join negotiations with some pride and honour, then the threat of sanctions might carry some weight.

 
 

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