Burma abolishes media censorship

Newspaper sellers in Rangoon, Burma Burmese people are gradually gaining access to a more free media market

Burma has abolished pre-publication censorship of the country's media, the information ministry has announced.

The Press Scrutiny and Registration Department (PSRD) said that as of Monday, reporters would no longer have to submit their work to state censors before publication.

However, strict laws remain in place which could see journalists punished for what they have written.

Burma has kept tight control over all aspects of its media for some 50 years.

But the civilian government has been gradually easing restrictions since taking office last year.

"Censorship began on 6 August 1964 and ended 48 years and two weeks later," Tint Swe, head of the PSRD, told AFP news agency on Monday.

"Any publication inside the country will not have to get prior permission from us before they are published.

"From now on, our department will just carry out registering publications for keeping them at the national archives and issuing a license to printers and publishers," he said.

Tint Swe said the likelihood of permission being granted for private newspapers to be set up was "closer than before" and could happen after a new media law is enacted.

A ministry official told AFP films would still be subject to censorship.

Internet rules relaxed

The head of the BBC's Burmese Service, Tin Htar Shwe, says journalists in Burma are cautiously optimistic about the reforms, but that the end of the law does not necessarily mean the end of the censorship altogether.

Many laws still exist under which journalists can be punished for writing material which angers or offends the government, she says.

Wai Phyo, editor of the Weekly Eleven journal, told Reuters the move was "a big improvement on the past", but that editors would now be under increasing pressure to ensure their publications remained legal.

In the past, entire newspapers have been shut because of their reports and many reporters have been jailed.

Burma's media reforms

  • Pre-publication censorship dropped
  • New media law to abolish political censorship
  • Access to news sites unblocked
  • Government pledges to support private media

But in recent months, journalists had been given guidelines allowing them to write about controversial topics, something that would have been unthinkable under the previous military rule.

Some 300 newspapers and magazines covering less sensitive issues had already been given permission to print without prior censorship and restrictions were lifted on 30,000 internet sites, allowing users unrestricted access to political content for the first time.

In October last year, Mr Swe said censorship should be abolished as it was incompatible with democratic practices, while warning that all publications should accept the responsibilities that go with press freedom.


More on This Story

Burma's Transition


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  • rate this

    Comment number 106.

    A good day for democracy if there ever was one. Yes, they may not have the same freedoms as we enjoy here in the UK. But steps like these will eventually take them along the road to a true harmonious future. All the best.

  • rate this

    Comment number 70.

    There have always got to be first steps... and this is another welcome sign that Burma is serious about reform. This beautiful country and people need all the help they can get to enter the twenty-first century and leave a troubled past behind them. Britain should support them as far as possible.

  • rate this

    Comment number 35.

    I think we are in a wait & see position.
    Tint Swe had also previously said the censor board itself would be abolished when censorship ends. But Monday’s announcement indicated the board will remain in place, and it will retain the powers it has always had to suspend publications or revoking publishing licenses if they deem publishing rules are violated.

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    Excellent news... perhaps 'baby steps' but sensible to learn - on both sides, press and government alike - how to operate a responsible yet uncensored press, rather than rush headlong into an unfettered press with the media abuses that we see in the west.

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.

    Burma is moving away from repression and into the light, lets hope the example they are setting is taken up by other repressive regimes across the world.

    Sadly it is likely to be a forlorn hope.


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