Burma frees high-profile dissidents in amnesty


The BBC's Rachel Harvey says the move is a "hugely significant step"

Burma's most important dissidents have been released, in the latest of a series of prisoner amnesties.

Those freed include veterans of the 1988 student protest movement, monks involved in the 2007 demonstrations and ethnic-minority activists.

The highest profile is Min Ko Naing, a leader of the failed 1988 uprising.

State TV had announced that 651 prisoners would be freed under a new presidential pardon, but did not say how many would be political prisoners.

In a statement broadcast on the TV, President Thein Sein said those released were people who could "play a constructive role in the political process".


The atmosphere was buzzing. Hundreds of people had gathered outside the gates of Rangoon's main Insein prison. They waited for two hours, occasionally chanting "welcome, welcome political prisoners".

Some brought white jasmine garlands to place around the necks of freed prisoners. It wasn't just families of political prisoners - hundreds of others were cheering.

Among those freed were monks who participated in the 2007-2008 "saffron revolution". They had been disrobed and made to wear layman's clothes. There were student activists and members of Aung San Suu Kyi's NLD party.

Altogether, 82 prisoners were released from Insein. Other prominent student leaders are said to have been released from prisons in other districts and are on their way back to Rangoon.

Prisoner releases had been expected, but the inclusion of such prominent figures meant this was still a surprise.

Responding to the release, UK Foreign Secretary William Hague said: "The release of all political prisoners is a long-standing demand of the international community and I warmly welcome these releases as a further demonstration of the Burmese government's commitment to reform."

BBC South East Asia correspondent Rachel Harvey says the names of those released read like a who's who of Burma's most prominent political detainees.

Given their stature, this could be the most significant breakthrough yet in Burma's moves towards reform, she says.

But some Burmese exiles and campaign groups say the real test will be how much freedom the released prisoners will have to continue their activities, our correspondent adds.

'Positive sign'

Min Ko Naing was considered by many to be the highest-profile dissident still behind bars.

A crowd greeted him as he emerged from prison in Thayet, 545km (345 miles) north of Rangoon, the Associated Press news agency reported.

Another veteran member of Burma's 88 Generation Students, Nilar Thein, confirmed to the BBC that she had been freed from Tharya Wadi prison.

The activist served eight years in prison after the 1988 demonstrations and was jailed again in 2008 for 65 years for illegally using electronic media.

A Myanmar political prisoner waves in jubilation as he is released from Insein prison in Rangoon, Burma, on Friday There were scenes of jubilation outside Insein prison in Rangoon

"I'm healthy and happy to be released and happy to see my baby," she told the BBC, referring to her daughter, born the year before her imprisonment.

She said that although she had been released, 25 more political prisoners remained inside the prison.

Her husband, Kyaw Min Yu, known as Ko Jimmy, has also been freed, as well as Htay Kywe, a student activist jailed in 2007 for 65 years.

"We have been trying all the time to have national reconciliation through political dialogue," Ko Jimmy told the BBC.

"Since the new government accepts this concept, we can now work with them."

Another student leader, Ko Ko Gyi, said he was excited about being released.

"The rule of democracy is the buzz word in our country so they cannot U-turn, that's what I think," he told the BBC.

Former Prime Minister Khin Nyunt, who was detained in a purge in 2004, has been released from house arrest.

Prisoners released 13 January

  • Min Ko Naing, Ko Ko Gyi, Ko Jimmy and Nilar Thein, 88 Generation Students
  • U Khun Tun Oo, top Shan leader
  • Five journalists from exiled broadcaster DVB
  • Former PM Khin Nyunt freed from house arrest
  • Buddhist monk Shin Gambira
  • Exact numbers of political prisoners freed remain unclear

U Khun Tun Oo, the most senior political representative of the Shan, the largest of Burma's ethnic minorities, is also free.

'Rope around my neck'

Pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi said the move was a "positive sign".

Five of those released were journalists from the exiled broadcaster Democratic Voice of Burma, based in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

One of them, Sithu Zeya, said he was wary of the conditions placed on his release.

"I have been released with a rope around my neck," he said, saying that the charges against him had not been lifted and that he feared the government would not let him do his job.

The military-backed civilian government came to power in November 2010, after the country's first elections in 20 years. Before that Burma was governed by a military junta.

It has freed Ms Suu Kyi and begun dialogue with her and her The National League for Democracy (NLD). She is now expected to stand for parliament in a by-election in April.

Western nations have welcomed the reform process but called on the government to release political prisoners and resolve ethnic conflicts in border regions before sanctions can be eased.

No official tally of the number of political prisoners is available but prior to Friday's releases opposition groups estimated that up to 1,500 remained in custody.

The releases come a day after the government signed a landmark ceasefire with the rebel Karen National Union (KNU) in Hpa-an, capital of eastern Karen state.

The Karen have fought for greater autonomy for more than 60 years.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 32.

    Will Britain now lift sanctions? When some reforms are underway, sanctions should be progressively eased, starting with those that have the biggest potential multipliers (i.e. broad import bans). The last ban lifted – although these too must be reviewed to make sure the right people are being targeted – are financial sanctions.

  • rate this

    Comment number 24.

    stop being negative and rejoice in something good, bright, positive and hopefully new future for Burma - and yes I do appreciate that there is still a lot of work/strugle ahead, nevertheles (and in these negative times) am hopefull for their future. Wish you well Burma

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    It was not just the external pressure and sanctions, but the Junta could see the internal pressure building as well. Could the generals rely on the loyalty of their young soldiers? The problem, as the Junta sees it, is that this will give rise to more demands from the populace for full democracy which will be difficult to deny, so perhaps it's time to negotiate a phased transfer of power.

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    Burma needs to find a form of democracy that works for its people and its heritage. Any progress towards this should be encouraged but sanctions need to be maintained until all political prisoners are freed and able to campaign for their human rights.


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