Uzbekistan profile

Filming of the Uzbek TV show TV is the most popular medium

The state tightly controls the media. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) says the law punishes journalists for "interference in internal affairs" and "insulting the dignity of citizens".

Foreign media have been gradually expelled since the 2005 Andijan uprising, RSF adds.

Pre-publication press censorship has been abolished but self-censorship is widespread. A law holds media bodies responsible for the objectivity of their output.

The Committee to Protect Journalists says many Uzbeks rely on foreign sources - including Russian TV and the BBC - as a counterpoint to stifled domestic media. The government controls much of the printing and distribution infrastructure.

TV is the most popular medium. Private TV and radio stations operate alongside state broadcasters. Foreign channels are carried via cable TV, which is widely available.

Uzbekistan had around 8.5 million internet users by June 2012 (InternetWorldStats). Strict online censorship includes filtering at a central level. Targets include opposition and news websites.

Uzbekistan is a Reporters Without Borders "Enemy of the Internet". The watchdog describes it as one of the region's most "internet-repressive" countries and says censorship and surveillance were increased in response to the 2011 Arab Spring.

The press


  • National Television and Radio Company - state-run, operates four networks including youth TV Yoshlar
  • NTT (Non-Governmental TV Network) - national, operated by National Association of Electronic Media
  • TV-Markaz - national, music and entertainment


News agencies

More Asia stories



  • Alana Saarinen at pianoMum, Dad and Mum

    The girl with three biological parents

  • Polish and British flags alongside British roadsideWar debt

    Does the UK still feel a sense of obligation towards Poles?

  • Islamic State fighters parade in Raqqa, Syria (30 June 2014)Who backs IS?

    Where Islamic State finds support to become a formidable force

  • Bride and groom-to-be photographed underwaterWetted bliss

    Chinese couples told to smile, but please hold your breath

  • A ship is dismantled for scrap in the port city of Chittagong, BangladeshDangerous work

    Bangladesh's ship breakers face economic challenge

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.