The media environment in Taiwan is among the freest in Asia, and extremely competitive.
There are hundreds of newspapers, all privately-owned and reflecting a wide range of views. Laws which prohibit the promotion of independence from China or communism are not generally enforced.
Taiwan's major terrestrial TV networks tend to be politically partisan. The take-up of multichannel cable TV is very high. The switch to digital terrestrial TV was made in 2012.
There are more than 170 radio stations, many of them with specific music formats. Phone-in programmes are particularly popular.
The government has taken steps to end government, military and political party ownership of the broadcast media.
There were more than 17.5 million internet users by May 2012 (via InternetWorldStats). A digital convergence plan aims to integrate telecoms, the internet and broadcasting by 2014.
United Daily News - Chinese-language
China Times - Chinese-language daily
The Liberty Times - Chinese-language daily
The China Post - English-language daily
Taipei Times - English-language daily
Taiwan News - English-language daily
China Television Company (CTV) - commercial
Taiwan Television Enterprise (TTV) - commercial
Formosa Television (FTV) - commercial
Public Television Service (PTS) - non-profit public broadcaster
Broadcasting Corporation of China (BCC) - national and regional networks
CBS-Radio Taiwan International - national broadcaster; also beams services to mainland China and the rest of the world in various languages and Chinese dialects
Public Radio System (PRS) - government-run; travel, weather, social information
International Community Radio Taipei (ICRT) - English-language FM station
Focus Taiwan - English-language service of state-run Central News Agency (CNA)
Central Daily News - Chinese-language, Nationalist (Kuomintang)