Inside an Ethiopian centre registering S Sudanese refugees
9 July 2014 Last updated at 11:04 BST
Three years since achieving independence, the people of South Sudan do not have much to celebrate.
The ongoing fighting in Africa's newest country is causing thousands of mainly Nuer people to flee into neighbouring Ethiopia.
The UNHCR says they have received well over 150,000 refugees since mid-December, and they are bracing themselves for that figure to double by the end of the year.
The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza visited a refugee screening centre in Ethiopia for people fleeing South Sudan.