Pistorius sent for tests at Pretoria psychiatric hospital

Judge Thokozile Masipa delivered her judgement to the court

The judge in the Oscar Pistorius trial has ordered him to start daily tests on Monday to assess his mental state when he killed his girlfriend.

Judge Thokozile Masipa told the South African athlete to attend Weskoppies psychiatric hospital in Pretoria as an outpatient for a month.

It comes after a defence witness said the double amputee was suffering from Generalised Anxiety Disorder (Gad).

Mr Pistorius denies intentionally killing his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp.

He says he accidentally shot her through the toilet door on Valentine's Day last year in a state of panic, mistaking the 29-year-old model and law graduate for an intruder.

'Criminally responsible'

The prosecution had argued the tests were essential after forensic psychiatrist Merryll Vorster told the court in Pretoria the double amputee was "a danger to society".

But the defence vigorously opposed the move.

Olympic and Paralympic track star Oscar Pistorius arrives at the court The Olympic and Paralympic track star must attend Weskoppies psychiatric hospital in Pretoria
Oscar Pistorius (L) chats with his brother Carl in court Mr Pistorius spoke to his brother Carl (right) after getting the details of his psychiatric assessment
File photo: Oscar Pistorius (right) and his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp pose for a picture in Johannesburg, 7 February 2013 Mr Pistorius says he mistook Reeva Steenkamp - model and law graduate - for an intruder

Judge Masipa said on Tuesday that four appointed psychiatrists would "inquire into whether the accused by reason of mental illness or mental defect was at the time of the commission of the offence criminally responsible for the offence as charged."

She said the team would decide whether he was "capable of appreciating the wrongfulness of his act".

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Analysis: Pumza Fihlani, BBC News, Pretoria

For the next month Oscar Pistorius' life is in the hands of four doctors who will evaluate whether he fully understood the wrongfulness of killing Reeva Steenkamp. The 30-day psychiatric observation was requested by state prosecutor Gerrie Nel after a defence psychiatrist testified that Mr Pistorius suffered from Generalised Anxiety Disorder (Gad) and that this may have affected his actions on the night.

But Mr Nel, seemingly sceptical about the Gad revelation, accused the defence of changing its plea and said tests were needed in the interests of justice.

The athlete will be an outpatient at Weskoppies Psychiatric Hospital. It is an old red-brick facility outside Pretoria, founded in the late 1800s. It could be the first time that Mr Pistorius is away from the media circus - and the adoring fans - since the start of his trial. Instead he will be alone with a panel of specialists who've been tasked with helping the court decide if Mr Pistorius can be held criminally liable for shooting his girlfriend.

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Court proceedings were adjourned until 30 June.

Generalised Anxiety Disorder

  • Generalised Anxiety Disorder is a medically-recognised, long-term condition
  • People with Gad feel anxious on most days and worry about a wide range of issues
  • It is thought to affect around one in 25 people at some point in their lives and is more common in women than in men
  • Symptoms vary - making it tricky to diagnose
  • People with Gad may have difficulty concentrating, feel tired and irritable, feel sick, dizzy or sweaty and experience aches and pains
  • Gad tends to run in families, can follow stressful events, and may be linked to chemical imbalances in the brain
  • The main treatments include using talking therapies, relaxation techniques and medication

Legal experts say that the case may well hinge on the judge's understanding of the athlete's state of mind when he pulled the trigger.

They say the prosecution is keen to show that the defence keeps changing its reasons why Mr Pistorius fired his gun - from putative self-defence, to accidental shooting, and now to something linked to his anxiety disorder.

Prosecution lawyer Gerrie Nel has also said he is trying to prevent mental illness being used as an argument in any future appeal.

Last week Judge Masipa said that the criminal code stipulates that if an accused person is alleged not to be criminally responsible or is alleged to be mentally ill, he should be evaluated.

Weskoppies psychiatric hospital was founded in 1892 and is a 1,400-bed hospital affiliated to the University of Pretoria.

There are no juries at trials in South Africa, so the athlete's fate will ultimately be decided by the judge, assisted by two assessors.

If found guilty of murder, Mr Pistorius could face life imprisonment. If he is acquitted of that charge, the court will consider an alternative charge of culpable homicide, for which he could receive about 15 years in prison.

The BBC's Michelle Roberts explains what Generalised Anxiety Disorder is

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