How President Zuma's Nkandla home has grown

South Africa's President Jacob Zuma has been under fire for spending about $23m (£13.8m) of taxpayers' money on upgrading his rural home. A report by South Africa's ombudsman says he should repay some of the costs. See how his residence in KwaZulu-Natal has grown:

A photo of President Jacob Zuma's home in Nkandla - and a map showing its location The Nkandla homestead pictured in 2014

The government has insisted that upgrades to the president's home in Nkandla were purely for security reasons but the evidence - including satellite pictures, shown below - suggest otherwise, with images showing an amphitheatre, cattle enclosure and swimming pool were all part of the work.

Nkandla in 2006

It is believed that President Zuma has occupied the land, which sits about 24km (15 miles) south of Nkandla town, since 2000. This satellite image from 2006 shows a small collection of buildings on the land.

Nkandla in 2010

By 2010, the number of buildings on the land had doubled. A security assessment of the property in May 2009, the same month President Zuma was sworn in, confirmed the need for a security upgrade and this increased when three new houses were built on the land later that year.

Satellite image of the Nkandla homestead in 2013

This satellite image of the land in 2013 shows substantial work had been done since 2010, with a new security fence encircling the entire residence, a football pitch, helipads and swimming pool. Other additions included houses for some relatives as well as a visitors' lounge and an amphitheatre.

The view of the Nkandla home of President Zuma in Nkandla The Nkandla homestead pictured in 2012

The public protector's report said: "The president tacitly accepted the implementation of all measures at his residence and has unduly benefited from the enormous capital investment in the non-security installations at his private residence."

More on This Story

Related Stories

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites

More Africa stories

Try our new site and tell us what you think. Learn more
Take me there

Copyright © 2015 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.