As it happened: Mandela funeral

Key Points

  • The funeral has been held of South Africa's first black President Nelson Mandela, who died on 5 December aged 95.
  • Thousands of South Africans - and heads of state and government - congregated in Mr Mandela's home village of Qunu.
  • Mr Mandela has been hailed as "a giant of history" for his fight against apartheid. All times GMT.
  1.  
    0518:

    Welcome to the BBC's live page where we will be bringing you the latest from the funeral of former South African President Nelson Mandela.

     
  2.  
    0524:

    Some 4,500 people - including foreign dignitaries - will be attending the funeral, which will blend state ceremonial with traditional rituals.

     
  3.  
    0524:

    Members of his family attended an overnight vigil, with a traditional praise singer believed to be chanting details of his long journey and life.

     
  4.  
    0530:

    Media presence is limited at the service. AFP journalist Sibongile Khumalo has been granted access and says old comrades are hugging each other in what seems like a reunion of friends.

     
  5.  
    0534:

    Nelson Mandela's portrait is placed behind two rows of candles, on one of the three stages inside the white domed marquee. The service due to start at 06:00 GMT and will last for two hours, according to the official programme.

     
  6.  
    0535:

    Here is the official programme for the state funeral of Nelson Mandela.

     
  7.  
    0540:

    Members of the South African navy are lining the road from the Mandela family house to his burial site.

    Members of the South African navy are lining the road from the Mandela family house to his burial site
     
  8.  
    Mahlako Olorato

    tweets: #Qunu I'm happy to see that the archbishop is here, it would have been so sad for him to miss Tata's funeral

     
  9.  
    0541:

    The funeral service is being shown on big screens for the public to watch in Qunu, Mthatha, Mvezo and around South Africa.

     
  10.  
    The BBC's Ros Atkins

    tweets: First people arrive at this stadium in Alexandra to see #MandelaFuneral. Everyone seeking shade from a fierce sun.

    Alexandra
     
  11.  
    Mapula Rampedi

    tweets: The setup inside the marquee is beautiful, fitting for a king! #RIPNelsonMandela #Qunu

     
  12.  
    The British High Commission in South Africa
    HRH Prince Charles

    tweets: HRH Prince Charles and High Commissioner @JudithMacgregor have been seated at the #Madiba funeral service

     
  13.  
    The BBC's Kelvin Brown

    tweets: Posters of #Mandela have been put up throughout Qunu with the words "Farewell Madiba, one of a kind"

    Posters in Qunu
     
  14.  
    Thirusha from Johannesburg

    tweets: lets hope that the #mandelafuneral is conducted with dignity & is a send-off worthy of #madiba, because the memorial service surely wasnt.

     
  15.  
    0548:

    Britain's Prince Charles, American civil rights activist Reverend Jesse Jackson and talk show host Oprah Winfrey are amongst those attending.

     
  16.  
    0553:

    A gun carriage carrying Mr Mandela's body has begun its journey to the marquee, signalling the start of singing, and speeches reflecting on the life and achievements of Mr Mandela.

     
  17.  
    0553:

    The public ceremony will be followed by a more intimate private gathering, conducted according to Xhosa traditions, that will include songs and poems about Mr Mandela's life and his achievements.

     
  18.  
    Andrew Levy in South Africa

    tweets: Wow when you see the procession it really hits home. This is the final goodbye. #MandelaFuneral

     
  19.  
    0553:

    Those in attendance will include his widow Graca Machel and current South African President Jacob Zuma.

     
  20.  
    Brett Horner in East London

    tweets: Choppers on their way to #Qunu from East London. Canons are going off. Our base is shaking. @Dispatch_DD #mandelafuneral

     
  21.  
    Mike Wooldridge World Affairs correspondent

    says there will be strong emphasis, especially at the private burial, on observing the traditions of Nelson Mandela's Thembu clan. The military who had escorted his body to this region from Pretoria - with many thousands of people lining the route of the final road journey - handed it over to the family's keeping overnight. As everyone here would see it, the world's most famous prisoner, this country's first black president, is now home.

     
  22.  
    Ashveer Singh in Durban

    tweets: Feeling a sense of pride, happiness and sadness as I watch the body of #NelsonMandela make its way to the funeral venue #MadibaFuneral

     
  23.  
    0603:

    Archbishop Desmond Tutu - a long-time friend of Nelson Mandela - has confirmed he will be present, having earlier said he had cancelled his flight as he had not received an invitation.

     
  24.  
    0558:

    The South African government had earlier said the archbishop was accredited, but that no formal invitations had been sent out.

     
  25.  
    Aslam Bava in Johannesburg

    tweets: #Qunu Just thinking that #Tata's casket is going past areas that he may have played on and viewed as a child #MadibaFuneral #mandelafuneral

     
  26.  
    Ay'esha in South Africa

    tweets: As we lay you down in Qunu, Your soul has transcended to heaven, your spirit lights the way, your legacy lives on #madiba

     
  27.  
    0603:

    BBC correspondents in Mvezo (where Mr Mandela was born) and Mthatha say engineers who are supposed to turn on the big screens have not shown up yet.

     
  28.  
    0605:

    The coffin of Mr Mandela is covered with a flag of South Africa.

    Coffin of Nelson Mandela Copyright: Kelvin Brown
     
  29.  
    Zweli Mbhele in Johannesburg

    tweets: How about the funeral venue for Tata? Incredible. Definitely built for the greatest legend of our time. #MandelaFuneral

     
  30.  
    Ernest in Bardnesville, Liberia

    emails: Farewell Madiba. You will forever remain in the hearts of thousands of generations to come, as you are the true son and grandfather of this great African continent.

     
  31.  
    The BBC's Kate Forbes

    tweets: The sleepy landscape of Qunu. Spectators are few and far between at the viewing areas so far

    Qunu
     
  32.  
    0610: Breaking News

    All the mourners, except members of Mr Mandela's family, rise as the coffin is brought into the venue. The choir sings Lizalis' idinga Iakho.

     
  33.  
    Cheryl Wylie in East London

    tweets: The hills+valleys of Qunu clap their hands as they welcome the mortal remains of a great man into the warm earth for his eternal restRIPNM

     
  34.  
    0616:

    The combined choirs are now singing the National Anthem of South Africa.

     
  35.  
    The BBC's Milton Nkosi

    says Mr Mandela's widow Graca Machel and his former wife Winnie Mandela walked hand-in-hand into the funeral service of the man they loved until the last day.

     
  36.  
    0620:

    The coffin has been laid at the centre of the marquee on what looks like a huge Nguni cattle skin, says NYT Johannesburg bureau chief Lydia Polgreen.

     
  37.  
    Karen Allen Southern Africa correspondent, BBC News

    Standing for the National Anthem at stadium in Mthatha

    Mthatha
     
  38.  
    Brendan van Staaden in South Africa

    tweets: Very proud to hear our anthem so beautifully sung in Qunu at Nelson Mandela's funeral service!

     
  39.  
    0624:

    This is the giant marquee in Qunu, where some 4,500 mourners, including senior politicians and a number of foreign dignities, are paying their last respects.

    Marquee
     
  40.  
    Grace Mwelu in Nairobi

    tweets: Qunu gave the world one of the greatest son in the world..His extraordinary heart and smile will forever be with us. Tata sleep well.

     
  41.  
    Joseph Winter, BBC News

    tweets: Some of biggest shopping centres in Joburg - Rosebank and Sandton - say not worth going today, as 80% of shops closed for #MandelaFuneral

     
  42.  
    Jacaranda Newsteam

    tweets: Former president Mandela's casket is laid down in front of the stairs at the #MandelaFuneral in #Qunu

    Coffin of Nelson Mandela
     
  43.  
    Stephen Muraya in Birmingham, Alabama

    tweets: Qunu seems a beautiful & peaceful place, well fit for a hero like Mandela. #FareTheeWellMadiba

     
  44.  
    0628:

    South Africa's Sunday Times reports that SABCN, eNCA, ANN7, SABC1,2,3 and eTV are all broadcasting the funeral of Nelson Mandela live

     
  45.  
    Claire Mawisa, South Africa TV presenter

    tweets: this dome is befitting the occasion, so elegant! unfortunately the choir is dressed inappropriately #MandelaFuneral

     
  46.  
    0630:

    A recording of children singing Rolihlahla Mandela is being played at the service.

     
  47.  
    Motlatso seemola in Johannesburg

    tweets: My heart is in qunu☹#hamba kahle tata

     
  48.  
    The BBC's Fergal Keane

    tweets: #MandelaFuneral Crowds at stadiums around Mthatha small. Local told me: Most people are watching it on TV

     
  49.  
    Jeromy Joubert in Cape Town

    tweets: #MandelaFuneral Such a deserved send off. Thankyou Tata for what you have achieved, one cannot put a price on your sacrifices. God bless you

     
  50.  
    0632:

    Cyril Ramaphosa, deputy president of the ANC, tells the service the candles in the venue represent Nelson Mandela's number of years on Earth

     
  51.  
    Earl September in Cape Town

    tweets: Tears in my eyes by looking at the images of Graca Machel and Winnie Madikizela-Mandela at #MadibaFuneral

     
  52.  
    Tebogo-tee in Johannesburg

    tweets: Depriving the deaf community of such a special ceremony.. No sign language interpreter at Qunu nor on tv! #sabcnews #eNCA #MandelaFuneral

     
  53.  
    0636: Pumza Fihlani BBC News

    says President Jacob Zuma is sitting between Winnie Mandela and Graca Machel. The two women look distraught. Both are dressed in black outfits with black head wraps.

     
  54.  
    Lindiwe Kubheka in Johannesburg

    tweets: As my 9year old nephew #Mvelo cries. Even he feels the pain. #MadibaFuneral

     
  55.  
    0637:

    Nelson Mandela will be buried "when the sun is at its highest and the shadows are at their shortest", in accordance with tradition, says Mr Ramaphosa.

     
  56.  
    0639:

    The ex-wife of Nelson Mandela, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (L), and the widow of Nelson Mandela, Graca Machel (C), stand by the coffin.

    Winnie Mandela and Graca Machel
     
  57.  
    Kagali Henry in Kiboga, Uganda

    emails: The whole world is mourning the death of the freedom fighter who is not going to be replaced, but all in all we say thank you for everything and you will remain in heart as we miss you... May your soul rest in eternal peace! Jah bless you

     
  58.  
    0639:

    Cyril Ramaphosa is reading out a list of international dignitaries who are attending the funeral service.

     
  59.  
    Charles Mathenge in Nairobi, Kenya

    emails: We love you Mandela and you are an inspiration to us young generation.

     
  60.  
    0641:

    Chief Ngangomhlaba Matanzima takes to the stage to pay tribute to Mr Mandela - he is there as the Madiba family representative.

     
  61.  
    Jenny Middleton in Roodepoort, South Africa

    emails: I am very proud to be a South African

     
  62.  
    0643:

    You can see the full programme for the state funeral of Nelson Mandela here.

     
  63.  
    0644:

    Chief Matanzima is addressing the crowd in Xhosa.

     
  64.  
    0647:

    Chief Matanzima expresses his anger over the booing of President Jabob Zuma at Mr Mandela's memorial service, saying it was an embarrassment.

     
  65.  
    Uraisha Haswell in South Africa

    tweets: Thank you Tata Madiba. You made it possible for my grandfather, mother and I to vote for the first time in '94 #MadibaFuneral

     
  66.  
    0650:

    Chief Matanzima also thanks family members for looking after Mr Mandela, and President Jacob Zuma for this state funeral service.

     
  67.  
    0649:

    He asks all the health professionals who cared for Mr Mandela to stand up, he thanks them for their care, as they receive warm applause

     
  68.  
    0653:

    The chief pays tribute to Graca Machel, and also thanks religious ministers for agreeing to be used by God to play a part in this service.

     
  69.  
    Karen Allen Southern Africa correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: V respectful and sombre mood at Khaya Majola stadium where families watching #mandela's funeral on huge screen. It's beginning to sink in.

     
  70.  
    0654:

    The chief ends his speech by asking that Mr Mandela rest in peace until they meet in the hereafter.

     
  71.  
    Stacy Parker LeMelle in New York

    tweets: to be in #Qunu at twelve noon...on that hilltop... may we all vow to spend many days teaching Mandela's words, deeds to the youth...

     
  72.  
    0657:

    Here is the scene inside the marquee in Qunu.

    Marquee
     
  73.  
    0658:

    Nelson Mandela's close friend Ahmed Kathrada takes to the stage. He served 26 years in prison alongside Mr Mandela, mostly on Robben Island.

     
  74.  
    0701:

    Mr Kathrada says Nelson Mandela tightly held his hand the last time he saw him in hospital. He described Mr Mandela as "a man helpless and reduced to a shadow of himself".

     
  75.  
    The BBC's Ros Atkins, Johannesburg

    tweets: A prayer for Mandela here in Alexandra township. Head bowed, flag high.

    Prayer
     
  76.  
    0704:

    "We are deeply grateful that we live in a democracy and have a constitution that embodies all that is good in us and our hard-fought-for freedom," Mr Kathrada says.

     
  77.  
    Prelene Singh in Johannesburg

    tweets: #Mandela a moment of awe & sadness as I heard the mourners in Qunu sing the national anthem, on the radio driving to work today.

     
  78.  
    0705:

    Mr Kathrada, his voice filled with emotion, calls Mr Mandela his "elder brother". He speaks of his love for the man who "served as a source of strength to millions of people in South Africa and the world".

     
  79.  
    Andisiwe Makinana, Mail & Guardian journalist

    tweets: Beautiful that Chief Ngangomhlaba spoke in Xhosa. Not much English is spoken in Qunu! #MadibaFuneral

     
  80.  
    Chris Desmond in South Africa

    tweets: Kathrada captures the spirit of Mandela - he looks to the past, salutes, and then looks to the challenges that lie ahead #MadibaFuneral

     
  81.  
    0707:

    Mr Kathrada says that today, mingled with grief is the enormous pride that one of our own has united the people of South Africa and the world on a scale never experienced before in history.

     
  82.  
    Mrisho Bakari in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    emails: Tata we are together spiritually, and we will not forget what you have done for African people and the whole world. Rest in peace. Amen!

     
  83.  
    0709:

    A very moving tribute by Ahmed Kathrada. He ends: "Farewell my dear brother, my mentor, my leader... My life is in a void and I don't know who to turn to."

     
  84.  
    Kambiri Cox in D'Abadie, Trinidad and Tobago

    emails: The heavens open up and a sudden thunderous rain pours in T&T. Most appropriate as the entire world weeps during Mandela's funeral

     
  85.  
    0711:

    The choir is now singing Jerusalem Likhaya Lami

     
  86.  
    Lindokuhle Njozela in Cape Town

    tweets: Ahmed Kathrada delivery a very emotional tribute to his friend. One of week's most earnest and sobering. #MadibaFuneral

     
  87.  
    Oswell Kodo in Dedza, Malawi

    emails: What an unforgettable moment. Am watching history being made.

     
  88.  
    0714:

    Mourners are standing as one of Nelson Mandela's grandson, Ndaba, reads an obituary. Read the full obituary here.

     
  89.  
    Jacaranda Newsteam

    tweets: Backdrop at the #MandelaFuneral

    Mandela
     
  90.  
    Mallikarjuna Naik in Bangalore, India

    emails: Mandela - Man of poverty fighter and with his continuous goal to make South Africa's people happy is incredible. Rest in peace.

     
  91.  
    Lillian Japhta in Cape Town

    tweets: Ndaba Mandela has the echo of his grandfather's voice ... Feels like in some way we are listening to #Madiba #MadibaFuneral

     
  92.  
    Spokazy Rabalago in Johannesburg

    tweets: Ndaba' s voice sounds like that of his grandfather #MadibaFuneral

     
  93.  
    Sahr Sinah in Freetown, Sierra Leone

    emails: The entire world will miss this great leader and mentor of the African continent. RIP Madiba and may mother earth rest gently on you

     
  94.  
    0728:

    Mandela's granddaughter Nandi is recounting stories and anecdotes of her grandfather's family life. "He was a true servant of the people, his mission in life was to make lives better," she says. "He truly cared for his family and children."

     
  95.  
    Natalie Germanos in South Africa

    tweets: Ahmed Kathrada's speech may not have been an epic speech but he spoke from the heart and showed emotion #touching #MadibaFuneral

     
  96.  
    0731:

    Interactive video and map: explore the remote village of Qunu where Mr Mandela will be laid to rest

    Qunu
     
  97.  
    Milton Nkosi BBC News

    tweets: Nandi - He went to school bare foot and rose to the highest office of the land!

     
  98.  
    Whitney Angela Asia in Cape Town

    tweets: Beautiful Tribute at #MadibaFuneral by his granddaughter! What a remarkable man. ♥

     
  99.  
    0735:

    Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of Ethiopia, pays tribute to Mr Mandela on behalf of the African Union.

     
  100.  
    0737:

    "This moment is even more poignant for Africa the cause of which this great man's journey so perfectly symbolises," Mr Desalegn says. "Madiba's life has been a record of the entire trials and tribulations the entire continent has endured at the hands of brutal colonisers."

     
  101.  

    AUDIO: Listen again to the emotional tribute paid by Nelson Mandela's friend Ahmed Kathrada.

     
  102.  
    0738:

    Mr Desalegn adds: "What we are doing is not so much mourning the passing of an icon as celebrating humanity at its finest."

     
  103.  
    EWN Reporter

    tweets: #Mandela free water given to those at stadium in PTA has a special Madiba message. It reads sleep well Tata!

    Water bottle
     
  104.  
    0744:

    South African Development Community and Malawian President Joyce Banda is now paying tribute.

     
  105.  
    0751:

    Ms Banda says of Mr Mandela: "I was amazed with his humility and the great sense of leadership... I was inspired by this great leader who was focused, calm and collected."

     
  106.  
    Clive Myrie BBC News

    tweets: Now sitting with the public watching #mandela service in Qunu on big screen. Many dressed in formal black as if at a funeral of a relative!

     
  107.  
    0756:

    Ms Banda says: "The passing of our President Mandela is not only a loss to South Africa... He saw no boundaries in this region… he championed not only the freedom of South Africans but all of us Africans."

     
  108.  
    Asanmo Jones in Nigeria

    emails: Madiba was an icon and legend this world might not have an opportunity to have again. I learnt what forgiveness meant from his lifestyle. Adieu my mentor and sleep on.

     
  109.  
    The Daily Maverick's Ranjeni Mumusamy

    tweets: This is a brilliant speech. Banda talking to Winnie and Graca directly hit the right note. It's not just about big speeches.

     
  110.  
    0800:

    Ms Banda paid tribute to Mr Mandela's former wife Winnie and his widow Graca Machel. "The love and tolerance you have demonstrated before the whole world at the funeral shows us that you are prepared to continue with his ideals."

     
  111.  
    0803:

    President Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania, a country which offered sanctuary and support to the ANC during the struggle against apartheid, is now paying tribute.

     
  112.  
    The BBC's Ros Atkins

    tweets: Cameras show Jacob Zuma rubbing his brow. It's been a week of political pressure, public humiliation but also profound personal loss.

     
  113.  

    Chris Cook tweeted this picture from the hill just above Qunu, where the BBC is broadcasting from.

    BBC
     
  114.  
    0807:

    Mr Kikwete says: "Nelson Mandela was our hero, our icon and our father as he was yours. The people of Tanzania have lost a great friend... and a great comrade in arms."

     
  115.  
    0810:

    SABC's Bongi Mogale says "Nothing the speakers say, says as much as the vision of Nelson Mandela's silent coffin and the man who lies within."

    Coffin
     
  116.  
    Leon in London

    emails: Watching during a grey London morning. Proud to be a South African and eternally grateful for the life of this exceptional man. RIP Madiba

     
  117.  
    SABC News

    tweets: A priest from Shembe prays in the direction of #NelsonMandela's house during the statesman's funeral in Qunu

    Priest
     
  118.  
    0819:

    Mr Kikwete spoke about the support his country offered the ANC. He tells of how during one clandestine visit Mr Mandela left a pair of boots at the home of his host. He had intended to pick them up on his return, but was subsequently arrested in South Africa and jailed. "In 1995 when Mr Mandela was president, the pair of boots were handed back to him."

     
  119.  
    BBC News website reader

    texts: Mandela was the greatest man to come out of Africa. His willingness to forgive and let go is a lesson to Africa and the world.

     
  120.  
    0821:

    The crowd at the viewing area in Qunu is growing. Everyone is very emotional, clapping, crying, laughing, reports Jacaranda FM.

     
  121.  
    The NYT's Lydia Polgreen

    tweets: Family watches the memorial on a tiny, snowy TV in a rondavel near Qunu.

    Rondavel

     
  122.  
    0824:

    South African President Jacob Zuma is being introduced by a praise singer.

     
  123.  
    0826:

    Jacob Zuma takes the podium to loud cheers. His address is preceded by comments about Mr Zuma's status and Mr Mandela's achievements by praise singer Zolani Mkiva.

     
  124.  
    0827:

    President Zuma starts his address in song and is joined by the audience.

     
  125.  
    0834:

    "Today marks the end of an extraordinary journey that started 95 years ago," says Mr Zuma.

     
  126.  
    0837:

    Mr Zuma: "We asked ourselves what is it about this man that elicits this outpouring of sincere emotion? The answer is that when people see goodness in a person they respond by reflecting goodness back at that person and on their fellow men and women."

     
  127.  
    0838:

    Mr Zuma adds: "We wish today to express two simple words: thank you. Thank you for being everything that we wanted and needed in a leader during a difficult time in our lives. Whilst the long walk to freedom has ended in the physical sense our own journey continues."

     
  128.  

    Nelson Mandela's daughter Makaziwe (C) closes her eyes in prayer.

    Nelson Mandela's daughter Makaziwe
     
  129.  
    0841:

    "We pledge today to continue promoting non-racialism and tolerance in our country and to build a South Africa that truly belongs to all" - Jacob Zuma

     
  130.  
    Karen Allen

    tweets: Food being distributed to public watching big screens in Mthatha - spirit of Ubuntu

     
  131.  
    0843:

    "Thank you for being everything we wanted in a leader" - President Zuma

    Jacob Zuma
     
  132.  
    Sonia in Johannesburg

    tweets: As I watch Tata's funeral and it hits home that this is really the last time he will be among the living and I bow, thank you Madiba #RIP

     
  133.  
    0846:

    "South Africa will continue to rise because we dare not fail you" - Jacob Zuma

     
  134.  
    0849:

    The audience cheers as Mr Zuma pays tribute to Winnie Mandela: "We are proud of the contribution she has made to the struggle and liberation of this country as an activist and leader in her own right."

     
  135.  
    0853:

    Mr Zuma says that Graca Machel and Nelson Mandela's love for children made them a formidable couple for the rights of children.

     
  136.  
    The Globe and Mail's Geoffrey York

    tweets: Crowd watching broadcast of Mandela funeral at Orlando Stadium in Soweto

    Soweto
     
  137.  
    0855:

    "Our thoughts are with the people of Qunu and surroundings who have lost their famous son. We extend our condolences to the entire South African nation… Our hearts go out to all your friends who have each lost a part of themselves in your passing" - Jacob Zuma

     
  138.  
    0856:

    There are more applause as Mr Zuma pays tribute to the medical team who "worked round the clock" in the final chapter of Mr Mandela's life.

     
  139.  
    0858:

    Mr Zuma concludes his tribute to Mr Mandela: "You will remain our guiding light illuminating the path as we continue the long journey building the South Africa of your dreams. We will not say goodbye because you are not gone. You will live forever in our hearts and minds."

     
  140.  
    0900:

    Kenneth Kaunda, Zambia's founding president, jogs to the stage, and the crowd goes wild.

     
  141.  
    0901:

    In Pretoria, a 21-gun salute is taking place.

     
  142.  
    0906:

    Mr Kaunda is making an unscheduled address. He describes talking to "Boer leaders" - South Africa's leaders under the apartheid system - about the release of Nelson Mandela - there is uneasy laughter and murmurs from the crowd.

     
  143.  
    0912:

    Mr Kaunda: "This great son of the world, not only South African… Madiba showing us the way, whether you're white, black, yellow or brown, you're all God's children. Come together, work together and God will show you the way."

     
  144.  
    CNN's Robyn Curnow

    tweets: Mandela's cows this morning at dawn inside his farm. Quiet sense of life going on in these hills

    Cows
     
  145.  
    0916:

    Major General Bantu Holomisa of South Africa's United Democratic Movement is now paying his respects.

     
  146.  
    @Faizie143

    tweets: Ethiopian passport in name of 'David Motsamayi' that #Mandela used travel in 1962 @eNCAnews @ANN7tv #MandelaFuneral

    Passport
     
  147.  
    0919:

    AUDIO: Jacaranda FM has published President Jacob Zuma's full tribute here.

     
  148.  
    0921:

    UK Prime Minister David Cameron announces on Twitter that the Union and South African flags are flying at half-mast above Downing Street today to mark Nelson Mandela's funeral.

     
  149.  
    0923:

    Mr Holomisa paid tribute to those who helped Mr Mandela during his life, cared for him in his final months and organised his final send-off. "[Mr Mandela] would have approved of your hard work and dedication."

     
  150.  
    0925:

    Gen Holomisa ends his vote of thanks saying: "Madiba's song has ended but its melody lingers on. We all have a responsibility to ensure the melody of Madiba's song never stops. "

     
  151.  
    0928:

    Bishop Ziphozihle Siwa is now delivering the benediction.

     
  152.  

    Here former president of Zambia Kenneth Kaunda - who is nearly 90 - takes the audience by surprise by jogging on to the stage.

    Kaunda
     
  153.  
    0934:

    AUDIO: Listen again to the impromptu tribute by Kenneth Kaunda

     
  154.  
    0935:

    Bishop Ziwa refers to the Bible - Matthew 25: 14-30 The Parable of the Talents - which he says applies to Mr Mandela's life and his struggle against injustice.

     
  155.  
    0939:

    There are concerns that the proceedings are running late. Mr Mandela needs to be buried by noon (10:00 GMT) according to tradition.

     
  156.  
    0942:

    "The best tribute we can pay today is to strive that our lives become both and recipients and transmitters of the light of hope" - Bishop Ziwa.

     
  157.  
    0943:

    Here is Nelson Mandela's state funeral in pictures

    Mandela funeral Close friend of Mr Mandela, Ahmed Kathrada
     
  158.  
    Irossnola in Louisiana, US

    tweets: Speakers have been moving. Admire the grace of this grieving family.

     
  159.  
    0947:

    The public ceremony will be followed by a more intimate private gathering, conducted according to Xhosa traditions, including songs and poems about Mr Mandela's life and his achievements.

     
  160.  
    The BBC's Helene Daouphars

    tweets: Zulu men are getting ready to march towards the ceremony @BBCAfrica

    Zulu men

     
  161.  
    0951:

    As a chief from the Xhosa ethnic group, there will be lots of special rituals to observe at the burial of Nelson Mandela, reports Xhosa cultural expert Somadoda Fikeni.

     
  162.  
    0954:

    Cyril Ramaphosa, the ANC politician who has been acting as master of ceremony at the service, concludes his role with an assessment of the past week: "This is the very first time we are burying a head of state of Madiba's stature, many mistakes were made, many things were done correctly. We are learning…"

     
  163.  
    0955:

    A military guard of honour begins carrying Mr Mandela's coffin, draped in the South African flag, as the audience sings. It will be placed on a gun carriage and taken to the hillside where he will be buried.

     
  164.  
    0957:

    The graveside service is only for family, current and former heads of state, ANC and AU officials, 15 traditional leaders, clergymen, and officials.

     
  165.  
    Pumza Fihlani BBC News

    tweets: ##Mandela coffin now leaving the marquee.. few family and friends will accompany him to his grave site. Everyone in the tent is standing

     
  166.  
    1001:

    Military line the route as procession begins its way up the hillside. The coffin is being carried in a hearse rather than the gun carriage which was used earlier in the day.

     
  167.  
    1003:

    Archbishop Desmond Tutu, whose attendance was only confirmed at the last minute, is among those making their way to the graveside.

     
  168.  
    Jacaranda Newsteam

    tweets: Military leads procession to family gravesite. #MandelaFuneral

    Funeral procession
     
  169.  
    Nelson Mandela Museum

    tweets: The memorial flame at the @MandelaMuseum will be extinguished as the coffin is lowered into the ground.

    Mandela Museum
     
  170.  

    VIDEO: If you missed it you can Wwatch Malawi's President Joyce Banda give a powerful tribute to Nelson Mandela here.

     
  171.  
    1010:

    SABC reports that there is a plane circling over the gravesite as the military takes Nelson Mandela to his final resting place.

     
  172.  
    The BBC's Solomon Mugera

    tweets: #MandelaFuneral perfect weather, family united, powerful funeral service, befitting farewell to world's #giantofhistory.

     
  173.  

    Journalist and writer Gus Silber says: "It's impossible to look at this last, slow walk, and not picture Mandela striding into freedom with Winnie at his side."

     
  174.  
    1018:

    Among those making their way to the graveside are US civil rights activist Rev Jesse Jackson and talk show host Oprah Winfrey.

     
  175.  
    Zola Hashatsi in Johannesburg

    tweets: Trying to hold back tears, but its impossible! Love u Tata #MadibaFuneral #RIPNelsonMandela

     
  176.  
    Pumza Fihlani BBC News

    tweets: People crying around me. This village loves this man. #Mandela opened his home and heart to them, saw them as equals, as people.

     
  177.  
    1022:

    A marching platoon of the presidential guard, wearing green ceremonial uniforms and carrying rifles with fixed bayonets, is escorting the coffin - which has been transferred to a gun carriage.

    Coffin
     
  178.  
    The BBC's Ros Atkins in Johannesburg

    tweets: This is a badge for the ages. An ANC Women's League member has a Mandela badge on from 1994's election campaign.

    ANC badge
     
  179.  
    1025:

    Suddenly heavy clouds are gathering over Qunu. The hillsides are darkened as the cortege moves towards the gravesite, reports the Daily Maverick's Ranjeni Mumusamy.

     
  180.  

    The BBC's Kelvin Brown tweets this image of a small crowd of locals and press gathered on a hill opposite the gravesite of Nelson Mandela.

    Media presence
     
  181.  

    Western Cape Premier Helen Zille tweets this picture from the graveside, where a small amphitheatre has been built in a garden.

    Mandela gravesite
     
  182.  
    The BBC's Simon Peeks in Johannesburg

    tweets: Crowd at #Alexandra stadium sitting silently looking at big screen as #mandela coffin taken to its grave. No one talking. @bbcworldservice

     
  183.  
    1035:

    Mr Mandela's coffin has been unloaded from the gun carriage. Uniformed bearers have begun taking it on its final journey to the grave site to the sound of a military drum beat.

     
  184.  
    1038:

    Mr Mandela's coffin has been placed over the grave site, and the flag removed.

     
  185.  
    Dineo Mokgosi in Pretoria

    tweets: It's beginning to really sink in that Nelson Mandela is no-more. #MadibaFuneral

     
  186.  
    1041:

    Bishop Siwa's graveside sermon: "Yours was truly a long walk to freedom and now you have achieved the ultimate freedom in the bosom of your maker, God almighty."

     
  187.  
    1042:

    "We believe that beyond the pain there is healing. Beyond the fighting there is peace. Beyond the silence God speaks" - Bishop Siwa

     
  188.  
    1042:

    Air Force fighter planes with a white trail of smoke fly over Nelson Mandela's grave in Qunu.

     
  189.  
    1043:

    Nelson Mandela has been laid to rest.

     
  190.  
    1045:

    A military bugler plays the Last Post, followed by Reveille. The pall bearers salute and withdraw. It is now a private moment for the Mandela family.

     
  191.  
    1047:

    The state broadcaster, SABC, is no longer showing the burial site.

     
  192.  
    1050:

    This was the scene at the graveside before Nelson Mandela was buried.

    Mandela burial
     
  193.  
    Nicole in Cape Town

    tweets: The most amazing man that the world has ever known has been laid to rest. We will miss you Madiba #madibaFuneral #RIPNelsonMandela

     
  194.  
    Paix in South Africa

    tweets: Watching Madiba's funeral brings back a painful memory. We truly have lost a great man. He fought his battle. He deserves to rest in peace.

     
  195.  

    Here is a video of the fighter planes saluting Nelson Mandela in Qunu via Jacaranda FM.

     
  196.  
    The BBC's Ros Atkins

    tweets: Ever since last Thursday South Africans in Johannesburg have been singing, dancing and celebrating Mandela. People have fallen quiet now.

     
  197.  
    1056:

    "It used to be the sound that terrified South Africa's black population" - the BBC's Audrey Brown reflects on the symbolism of military helicopters flying past at Mandela's funeral.

    Helicopters
     
  198.  
    Steph in The Netherlands

    tweets: Watching Nelson #Mandela's funeral I find myself worrying. Dear Madiba, I pray to God we will be able to do your legacy justice on our own.

     
  199.  
    1102:

    A private traditional ceremony is now taking place. You can find out more about Xhosa burial traditions here

     
  200.  
    Fergal Keane BBC News

    tweets: #MandelaJourney On day Bard quoted @ funeral."Let us sit upon the ground and tell sad stories of the death of Kings."

    Qunu
     
  201.  
    Glynis Kearney in Cape Town

    tweets: No goodbye but rather until we meet again Tata. Thank you for all your lessons. Today our long walk begins in your honour. #MadibaFuneral

     
  202.  
    1109:

    SABC's Sthembiso Sithole looks at how musicians from around the world have also been paying tribute to Nelson Mandela.

     
  203.  
    Pumza Fihlani BBC News

    tweets: After 27 years in prison, 25 years enjoying the fruits of his tireless labour Nelson #Mandela rests under the open Qunu skies. Ah Dalibhunga

     
  204.  
    The NYT's Lydia Polgreen

    tweets: Girl films the Mandela casket on TV with her mobile phone in a rondavel near Qunu.

    Girl in Qunu
     
  205.  
    1114:

    Qunu resident Nom Thetheli told the BBC: "Tata Madiba in his early days would leave his house and walk around Qunu and greet all the locals, but in his final days we couldn't even say goodbye."

     
  206.  
    Bernard Khumalo in Johannesburg

    tweets: Our great hero and liberator has finally been planted. Burden now on us to decide the design of our future. #MandelaFuneral

     
  207.  

    South African journalist Ulrich Janse van Vuuren says: "Madiba's casket lowering into the Qunu earth just made it real. Today, Nelson Mandela becomes the foundation of South Africa."

     
  208.  
    Bona Magazine

    tweets: We salute you Madiba. Rest in Peace qhawe!

    Montage
     
  209.  

    The BBC's Pumza Fihlani in Qunu says: As the coffin was lowered into the ground, the crowd watched and very little was said. They waved and some screamed. "Who will be our father?" cried one woman. And that is the question on many people's minds here - who will now be the father of this nation."

     
  210.  
    1129:

    The BBC's Africa correspondent Andrew Harding asks: What now for South Africa?

     
  211.  
    1132:

    Malawi became the butt of some gentle humour at Nelson Mandela's funeral - read this AFP report to find out why.

     
  212.  
    Andrew Satow, Paarl, South Africa

    emails: The country has given one of mankind's greatest a superb, dignified and magnificent farewell. The diversity of ceremony, sadness, laughter, singing, dancing and tears vividly illustrate to the whole world the fabric of this Rainbow Nation that is South Africa.

     
  213.  

    The BBC's Ros Atkins tweets this picture of two boys collecting ANC flags off the floor in Alexandra in Johannesburg.

    Boys in Johannesburg
     
  214.  
    1144:

    Read the BBC's news report as Nelson Mandela is buried in Qunu, his ancestral home.

     
  215.  
    1150:

    Video montage of the emotional scenes as Nelson Mandela's funeral took place.

    Graca Machel Nelson Mandela's widow Graca Machel
     
  216.  
    Sunday Oyedokun in Johannesburg

    emails: "I am very proud to be part of this moment. I have made some positive choices for myself as a true African man because of Nelson Mandela. Peace is more profitable that revenge. South Africa is now indeed a rainbow nation. But I hope this unity is permanent not because of Mandela.

     
  217.  
    Cecilia Milanda, Nairobi, Kenya

    emails: "I fondly remember when Madiba came to Kenya in 1990 and was proud to see him free and on our soil. He showed humanity the importance of forgiveness, peace and humility. We celebrate a life well lived."

     
  218.  
    The BBC's Gavin Lee

    tweets: Men from Nelson #Mandela's traditional #Thembu clan mark the burial service their way #MandelaFinalFarewell

    Thembu men
     
  219.  
    1204:

    Nelson Mandela lookalike Ayanda Mbatyothi found fame in South Africa through his likeness to the former leader. Here he tells The Guardian newspaper he now hopes to "be a reminder"

    Nelson Mandela lookalike Ayanda Mbatyothi Nelson Mandela lookalike Ayanda Mbatyothi
     
  220.  
    The Nation columnist Gary Younge

    tweets: For a black man to take up arms against a racist state, defeat it, run the country & die peacefully in his bed aged 95 is a life well lived

     
  221.  
    1212:

    All eyes will be back on the Union Buildings in Pretoria on Monday when a 30ft statue of Nelson Mandela will be unveiled.

     
  222.  
    Zubz in South Africa

    tweets: An unforgettable ten days. Powerful. Impassioned. The world feels different. #MandelaFuneral #Mandela

     
  223.  

    A woman touches the hand on a Nelson Mandela portrait in Pretoria.

    A woman touches the hand on a Nelson Mandela portrait in Pretoria
     
  224.  

    And that concludes our live coverage as Nelson Mandela, South Africa's first black president, is laid to rest in his ancestral home in Qunu. Thank you for reading.

     

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